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Does endometrial scratching increase the rate of spontaneous conception in couples with unexplained infertility and a good prognosis (Hunault > 30%)? Study protocol of the SCRaTCH-OFO trial: a randomized controlled trial

Bui, B. N., Torrance, H. L., Janssen, C., Cohlen, B., de Bruin, J. P., den Hartog, J. E., van der Linden, P. J. Q., Deurloo, K. L., Maas, J. W. M., van Oppenraaij, R., Cantineau, A., Lambalk, C. B., Visser, H., Brinkhuis, E., van Disseldorp, J., Schoot, B. C., Lardenoije, C., van Wely, M., Eijkemans, M. J. C. & Broekmans, F. J. M., 29-Dec-2018, In : BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth. 18, 9 p., 511.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • B. N. Bui
  • H. L. Torrance
  • C. Janssen
  • B. Cohlen
  • J. P. de Bruin
  • J. E. den Hartog
  • P. J. Q. van der Linden
  • K. L. Deurloo
  • J. W. M. Maas
  • R. van Oppenraaij
  • A. Cantineau
  • C. B. Lambalk
  • H. Visser
  • E. Brinkhuis
  • J. van Disseldorp
  • B. C. Schoot
  • C. Lardenoije
  • M. van Wely
  • M. J. C. Eijkemans
  • F. J. M. Broekmans

BackgroundIn the Netherlands, couples with unexplained infertility and a good prognosis to conceive spontaneously (i.e. Hunault >30%) are advised to perform timed intercourse for at least another 6months. If couples fail to conceive within this period, they will usually start assisted reproductive technology (ART). However, treatment of unexplained infertility by ART is empirical and can involve significant burdens. Intentional endometrial injury, also called endometrial scratching', has been proposed to positively affect the chance of embryo implantation in patients undergoing in vitro fertilization (IVF). It might also be beneficial for couples with unexplained infertility as defective endometrial receptivity may play a role in these women. The primary aim of this study is to determine whether endometrial scratching increases live birth rates in women with unexplained infertility.MethodA multicentre randomized controlled trial will be conducted in Dutch academic and non-academic hospitals starting from November 2017. A total of 792 women with unexplained infertility and a good prognosis for spontaneous conception 30%) will be included, of whom half will undergo endometrial scratching in the luteal phase of the natural cycle. The women in the control group will not undergo endometrial scratching. According to Dutch guidelines, both groups will subsequently perform timed intercourse for at least 6months. The primary endpoint is cumulative live birth rate. Secondary endpoints are clinical and ongoing pregnancy rate; miscarriage rate; biochemical pregnancy loss; multiple pregnancy rate; time to pregnancy; progression to intrauterine insemination (IUI) or IVF; pregnancy complications; complications of endometrial scratching; costs and endometrial tissue parameters associated with reproductive success or failure. The follow-up duration is 12months.DiscussionSeveral small studies show a possible beneficial effect of endometrial scratching in women with unexplained infertility trying to conceive naturally or through IUI. However, the quality of this evidence is very low, making it unclear whether these women will truly benefit from this procedure. The SCRaTCH-OFO trial aims to investigate the effect of endometrial scratching on live birth rate in women with unexplained infertility and a good prognosis for spontaneous conception

Original languageEnglish
Article number511
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Pregnancy and Childbirth
Volume18
Publication statusPublished - 29-Dec-2018

    Keywords

  • Endometrial injury, Endometrial scratching, Endometrial scratch, Unexplained infertility, Endometrial receptivity, Implantation failure, Hunault > 30%, Expectant management, PREGNANCY RATE, LOCAL INJURY, LONG-TERM, SUBFERTILITY, EXPRESSION, ORGANOIDS, WOMEN

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