Do stereotypes about older workers change? A panel study on changing attitudes of managersvan Dalen, H. P. & Henkens, K., 27-Nov-2019, In : International Journal of Manpower. 16 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to see whether attitudes toward older workers by managers change over time and what might explain development over time. Design/methodology/approach A unique panel study of Dutch managers is used to track the development of their attitudes toward older workers over time (2010-2013) by focusing on a set of qualities of older workers aged 50 and older. A conditional change model is used to explain the variation in changes by focusing on characteristics of the manager (age, education, gender, tenure and contact with older workers) and of the firm (composition staff, type of work and sector, size). Findings Managers have significantly adjusted their views on the so-called "soft skills" of older workers, like reliability and loyalty. Attitudes toward "hard skills" - like physical stamina, new tech skills and willingness to train - have not changed. Important drivers behind these changes are the age of the manager - the older the manager, the more likely a positive change in attitude toward older workers can be observed - and the change in the quality of contact with older workers. A deterioration of the managers' relationship with older workers tends to correspond with a decline in their assessment of soft and hard skills. Originality/value This paper offers novel insights into the question whether stereotypes of managers change over time.
|Number of pages||16|
|Journal||International Journal of Manpower|
|Publication status||Published - 27-Nov-2019|
- Employee productivity, Stereotypes, Attitudes, Older workers, Employers, RELATIONAL DEMOGRAPHY, COMMON STEREOTYPES, AGE STEREOTYPES, EMPLOYERS, PERCEPTIONS, WORKPLACE, IDENTIFICATION, PRODUCTIVITY, METAANALYSIS, RETIREMENT