Distributional impact of carbon pricing in Chinese provinces

Wang, Q., Hubacek, K., Feng, K., Guo, L., Zhang, K., Xue, J. & Liang, Q-M., Jun-2019, In : Energy Economics. 81, p. 327-340 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Copy link to clipboard


  • Distributional impact of carbon pricing in Chinese provinces

    Final author's version, 9 MB, PDF document

    Embargo ends: 11/04/2022

    Request copy

  • Distributional impact of carbon pricing in Chinese provinces

    Final publisher's version, 3 MB, PDF document

    Request copy


  • Qian Wang
  • Klaus Hubacek
  • Kuishuang Feng
  • Lin Guo
  • Kun Zhang
  • Jinjun Xue
  • Qiao-Mei Liang

Based on a Multi-Regional Input-Output (MRIO) model, and combined with the 2012 MRIO table for 30 Chinese provinces, this paper analyzes the distributional impacts of carbon pricing on households within and across Chinese provinces. The results show regressive distributional effects of carbon pricing across provinces, i.e. poor provinces are affected more by the price. Carbon pricing also shows rural-urban regressivity (i.e. rural households are impacted more heavily than urban households) in more than half of the provinces. Within each selected province, carbon pricing has mostly regressive effects, i.e. poorer urban households are more affected than richer urban households in all provinces and poorer rural households more than richer rural households in one third of the provinces. When looking more specifically at direct energy consumption, we find that the carbon pricing on domestic fuels generally shows regressivity, while pricing carbon on transport fuels shows progressivity. In addition, the impact of carbon pricing on residential direct expenditures (mainly on electricity and coal) is the most important contributor to the regional regressivity across provinces. (C) 2019 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)327-340
Number of pages14
JournalEnergy Economics
Early online date11-Apr-2019
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2019


  • Carbon pricing, Carbon tax, Income distribution, Inequality, Climate change, Input-output analysis, CO2 EMISSIONS, INCOME-DISTRIBUTION, TAX, TAXATION, ENERGY, TRADE, HOUSEHOLDS, WELFARE, PRICES, POLICY

ID: 81273024