Dissipativity preserving balancing for nonlinear systems - A Hankel operator approach

Ionescu, T. C., Fujimoto, K. & Scherpen, J. M. A., 2010, In : Systems & Control Letters. 59, 3-4, p. 180-194 15 p.

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In this paper we present a version of balancing for nonlinear systems which is dissipative with respect to a general quadratic supply rate that depends on the input and the output of the system. We discuss an approach that allows us to apply the theory of balancing based upon Hankel singular value analysis. In order to do that we prove that the available storage and the required supply of the original system are the controllability and the observability functions of a modified, asymptotically stable, system. Then Hankel singular value theory can be applied and the axis singular value functions of the modified system equal the nonlinear extensions of "similarity invariants" obtained from the required supply and available storage of the original system. Furthermore, we also consider an extension of normalized comprime factorizations and relate the available storage and required supply with the controllability and observability functions of the factorizations. The obtained relations are used to perform model order reduction based on balanced truncation, yielding dissipative reduced order models for the original systems. A second order electrical circuit example is included to illustrate the results. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)180-194
Number of pages15
JournalSystems & Control Letters
Issue number3-4
Publication statusPublished - 2010


  • Dissipative, Nonlinear, Balanced realizations, Available storage, Required supply, Singular value functions, DYNAMICAL-SYSTEMS, MODEL-REDUCTION, LINEAR-SYSTEMS, INPUT-OUTPUT, PASSIVITY, STABILIZATION, TRUNCATION

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