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Dismantling the "Red Wall" of Colloidal Perovskites: Highly Luminescent Formamidinium and Formamidinium-Cesium Lead Iodide Nanocrystals

Protesescu, L., Yakunin, S., Kumar, S., Bar, J., Bertolotti, F., Masciocchi, N., Guagliardi, A., Grotevent, M., Shorubalko, I., Bodnarchuk, M. I., Shih, C-J. & Kovalenko, M. V., Mar-2017, In : Acs Nano. 11, 3, p. 3119-3134 16 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Loredana Protesescu
  • Sergii Yakunin
  • Sudhir Kumar
  • Janine Bar
  • Federica Bertolotti
  • Norberto Masciocchi
  • Antonietta Guagliardi
  • Matthias Grotevent
  • Ivan Shorubalko
  • Maryna I. Bodnarchuk
  • Chih-Jen Shih
  • Maksym V. Kovalenko

Colloidal nanocrystals (NCs) of APbX3-type lead halide perovskites [A = Cs+, CH3NH3+ (methylammonium or MA(+) or CH(NH2)(2)(+) (formamidinium or FAl; X = Cl-, Br-, I-] have recently emerged as highly versatile photonic sources for applications ranging from simple photoluminescence down-conversion (e.g., for display backlighting) to light-emitting diodes. From the perspective of spectral coverage, a formidable challenge facing the use of these materials is how to obtain stable emissions in the red and infrared spectral regions covered by the iodide based compositions. So far, red-emissive CsPbI3 NCs have been shown to suffer from a delayed phase transformation into a nonluminescent, wide-band-gap 1D polymorph, and MAPbI(3) exhibits very limited chemical durability. In this work, we report a facile colloidal synthesis method for obtaining FAPbI(3) and FA-doped CsPbI3 NCs that are uniform in size (10-15 nm) and nearly cubic in shape and exhibit drastically higher robustness than their MA- or Cs-only cousins with similar sizes and morphologies. Detailed structural analysis indicated that the FAPbI(3) NCs had a cubic crystal structure, while the FA(0.1)Cs(0.9)PbI(3) NCs had a 3D orthorhombic structure that was isostructural to the structure of CsPbBr3 NCs. Bright photoluminescence (PL) with high quantum yield (QY > 70%) spanning red (690 run, FA(0.1)Cs(0.9)PbI(3) NCs) and near-infrared (near-IR, ca. 780 mn, FAPbI(3) NCs) regions was sustained for several" months or more in both the colloidal state and in films. The peak PL wavelengths can be fine-tuned by using postsynthetic cation- and anion-exchange reactions. Amplified spontaneous emissions with low thresholds of 28 and 7.5 mu J cm(-2) were obtained from the films deposited from FA(0.1)Cs(0.9)PbI(3) and FAPbI(3) NCs, respectively. Furthermore, light emitting diodes with a high external quantum efficiency of 2.3% were obtained by using FAPbI(3) NCs.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3119-3134
Number of pages16
JournalAcs Nano
Volume11
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2017
Externally publishedYes

    Keywords

  • perovskites, lead halides, nanocrystals, photoluminescence, infrared, formamidinium, cesium, LIGHT-EMITTING-DIODES, AMPLIFIED SPONTANEOUS EMISSION, METAL-HALIDE PEROVSKITES, DEFECT-TOLERANT SEMICONDUCTORS, ORGANIC-INORGANIC PEROVSKITES, SINGLE-PHOTON EMISSION, TIN-BASED PEROVSKITE, SOLAR-CELLS, ANION-EXCHANGE, QUANTUM DOTS

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