Directional Tuning Curves, Elementary Movement Detectors, and the Estimation of the Direction of Visual Movement

Hateren, J. H. V., 1990, In : Vision Research. 30, 4, p. 603-614 12 p.

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Both the insect brain and the vertebrate retina detect visual movement with neurons having broad, cosine-shaped directional tuning curves oriented in either of two perpendicular directions. This article shows that this arrangement can lead to isotropic estimates of the direction of movement: for any direction the estimate is unbiased (no systematic errors) and equally accurate (constant random errors). A simple and robust computational scheme is presented that accounts for the directional tuning curves as measured in movement sensitive neurons in the blowfly. The scheme includes movement detectors of various spans, and predicts several phenomena of movement perception in man.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)603-614
Number of pages12
JournalVision Research
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - 1990


  • Apparent motion, Gradient scheme, Reichardt correlator, Blowfly, Directional tuning curves, Visual movement detection

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