Differential partitioning of thiols and glucosinolates between shoot and root in Chinese cabbage upon excess zinc exposureAghajanzadeh, T. A., Prajapati, D. H. & Burow, M., Jan-2020, In : Journal of Plant Physiology. 244, 9 p., 153088.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Zinc (Zn) is one of the important elements of plant growth, however, at elevated level it is toxic. Exposure of Chinese cabbage to elevated Zn2+ concentrations (5 and 10 μM ZnCl2) resulted in enhancement of total sulfur and organic sulfur concentration. Transcript level of APS reductase (APR) as a key enzyme in biosynthesis of primary sulfur compounds (cysteine and thiols), was up-regulated in both shoot and root upon exposure to elevated Zn2+, which was accompanied by an increase in the concentration of cysteine in both tissues. In contrast, the concentration of thiols increased only in the root by 5.5 and 15-fold at 5 and 10 μM Zn2+, respectively, which was in accompanied by an upregulation of ATP sulfurylase, an enzyme responsible for activation of sulfate. An elevated content of glucosinolates, mostly indolic glucosinolates, only in the shoot of plants exposed to excess level of Zn2+ coincided with an increase in gene expression of key biosynthetic enzymes and regulators (CYP79B3, CYP83B1, MYB34). Thus distinct acuumulation patterns of sulfur containing compounds in root and shoot of Chinese cabbage may be a strategy for Chinese cabbage to combat with exposure to excess Zn.
|Number of pages||9|
|Journal||Journal of Plant Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - Jan-2020|
- Chinese cabbage, Glucosinolates, Thiols, Sulfur metabolism, Zinc, ARABIDOPSIS-THALIANA, ATP SULFURYLASE, BRASSICA-OLERACEA, PHYSIOLOGICAL FUNCTIONS, SECONDARY METABOLITES, TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS, SULFATE TRANSPORT, ASSIMILATION, CADMIUM, BIOSYNTHESIS