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Differential influence of p38 mitogen activated protein kinase (MAPK) inhibition on acute phase protein synthesis in human hepatoma cell lines

Westra, J., Bijzet, J., Doornbos-van der Meer, B., van Rijswijk, MH. & Limburg, PC., Jul-2006, In : Annals of the Rheumatic Diseases. 65, 7, p. 929-935 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Background: Inhibition of intracellular signal transduction is considered to be an interesting target for treatment in inflammation. p38 MAPK inhibitors, especially, have been developed and are now in phase II clinical trials for rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

Objective: To investigate the influence of p38 MAPK inhibition on acute phase protein (APP) production, which is dependent on both JAK/STAT and p38 MAPK pathways.

Methods: The effects of p38 MAPK inhibition on APP production and mRNA expression in four human hepatoma cell lines was investigated, after stimulation with interleukin (IL)6 and/or IL1 beta or tumour necrosis factor alpha.

Results: Two out of four cell lines produced C reactive protein (CRP), especially after combined IL6 and IL1b stimulation. CRP production was significantly inhibited by the p38 MAPK specific inhibitor RWJ 67657 at 1 mu mol/l, which is pharmacologically relevant. Fibrinogen production was also inhibited at 1 mmol/l in all cell lines. Serum amyloid A (SAA) was produced in all four lines. In contrast with CRP, SAA production was not inhibited by RWJ 67657 at 1 mmol/l.

Conclusion: Production and mRNA expression of CRP and fibrinogen, but not SAA production and mRNA expression, were significantly inhibited by p38 MAPK specific inhibitor in hepatoma cell lines. For p38 MAPK inhibitor treatment in RA SAA might be a better marker of disease activity than CRP and fibrinogen, because SAA is not directly affected by p38 MAPK inhibition.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)929-935
Number of pages7
JournalAnnals of the Rheumatic Diseases
Volume65
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2006

    Keywords

  • C-REACTIVE PROTEIN, SERUM AMYLOID-A, RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS, INFLAMMATORY ARTHRITIS, GENE-EXPRESSION, PATHWAYS, MECHANISMS, CYTOKINES, JAK/STAT, DISEASE

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