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Differential In Vitro Inhibition of Thrombin Generation by Anticoagulant Drugs in Plasma from Patients with Cirrhosis

Potze, W., Arshad, F., Adelmeijer, J., Blokzijl, H., van den Berg, A. P., Meijers, J. C. M., Porte, R. J. & Lisman, T., 4-Feb-2014, In : PLoS ONE. 9, 2, 9 p., e88390.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Background: Treatment and prevention of thrombotic complications is frequently required in patients with cirrhosis. However anticoagulant therapy is often withheld from these patients, because of the perceived bleeding diathesis. As a result of the limited clinical experience, the anticoagulant of choice for the various indications is still not known.

Objectives: We evaluated the in vitro effect of clinically approved anticoagulant drugs in plasma from patients with cirrhosis.

Patients/Methods: Thirty patients with cirrhosis and thirty healthy controls were studied. Thrombin generation assays were performed before and after addition of unfractionated heparin, low molecular weight heparin, fondaparinux, dabigatran, and rivaroxaban, to estimate anticoagulant potencies of these drugs.

Results: Addition of dabigatran led to a much more pronounced reduction in endogenous thrombin potential in patients compared to controls (72.6% reduction in patients vs. 12.8% reduction in controls, P

Conclusions: The anticoagulant potency of clinically approved drugs differs substantially between patients with cirrhosis and healthy individuals. Whereas dabigatran and, to a lesser extent, heparin and low molecular weight heparin are more potent in plasma from patients with cirrhosis, fondaparinux and rivaroxaban showed a decreased anticoagulant effect. These results may imply that in addition to dose adjustments based on altered pharmacokinetics, drug-specific dose adjustments based on altered anticoagulant potency may be required in patients with cirrhosis.

Original languageEnglish
Article numbere88390
Number of pages9
JournalPLoS ONE
Volume9
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 4-Feb-2014

    Keywords

  • MOLECULAR-WEIGHT HEPARIN, CONVENTIONAL COAGULATION TESTS, LIVER-DISEASE, COAGULOPATHY, CONSEQUENCES, HEMOSTASIS

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