Dietary exposure of the Qatari population to food mycotoxins and reflections on the regulation limits

Jabir, M. A., Barcaru, A., Latiff, A., Jaganjac, M., Ramadan, G. & Horvatovich, P., 24-Sep-2019, In : Toxicology Reports. 6, p. 975-982 8 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

The article estimates the exposure of the population of Qatar to aflatoxins, fumonisins and ochratoxins, measured
in food samples collected from the markets of Doha. The mycotoxin extractions were performed using the
“Quick Easy Cheap Effective Rugged Safe” Method (QuEChERS) and the extract measured with LC–MS/MS. High
contamination with aflatoxins was detected in Nuts and Spices (e.g. 534.15ng/g and 371.6ng/g respectively).
The estimated daily intake (EDI) level was estimated using statistical data on average Qatari population. Additionally,
the probability to exceed TDI was calculated for fumonisins and ochratoxins. The results indicate high
exposure to aflatoxins (with alarming values of margin of exposure, i.e. MoE).
The article points to the necessity of a regular assessment and reevaluation of the concentration limits allowed
in food products accounting for statistics on the population (i.e. food consumption), economic growth of
the country, and monitoring of mycotoxin contamination of food as much as technological, financial and human
resources of a country allows.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)975-982
Number of pages8
JournalToxicology Reports
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 24-Sep-2019

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