Device-guided breathing exercises for the treatment of hypertension: An overview

van Hateren, K. JJ., Landman, G. W., Logtenberg, S. J., Bilo, H. J. & Kleefstra, N., 26-May-2014, In : World Journal of Cardiology. 6, 5, p. 277-282 6 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

The American Heart Association considers device-guided breathing as a reasonable treatment modality in their statement on non-pharmacological options for lowering blood pressure. This review discusses all randomized controlled trials that have investigated the effects of device-guided breathing on blood pressure in patients with hypertension. Thirteen studies were included in this review. In total, 627 patients were included, of which 365 patients were allocated to device-guided breathing. Only 6 studies used acceptable control groups: listening to music, meditative relaxation exercises, or a sham-device. Two sponsored trials showed beneficial effects of device-guided breathing, both used listening to music as a control group. The remaining 4 studies, which had no employees of the manufacturer listed as co-author, observed no beneficial effects on blood pressure. There is only 1 study that used a sham device as a control group. All other studies were to some extend methodologically flawed. Based on the studies with an acceptable methodological quality, there is no clear evidence supporting a short-term beneficial effect on blood pressure by using device-guided breathing.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)277-282
Number of pages6
JournalWorld Journal of Cardiology
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 26-May-2014

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