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Development of a Novel Ex-vivo 3D Model to Screen Amoebicidal Activity on Infected Tissue

Elena Guzman-Delgado, N., Edith Carranza-Torres, I., Garcia-Davis, S., Rivera, G., Moran-Martinez, J., Denys Betancourt-Martinez, N., Groothuis, G. M. M., de Graaf, I. A. M. & Carranza-Rosales, P., 10-Jun-2019, In : Scientific Reports. 9, 12 p., 8396.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • Nancy Elena Guzman-Delgado
  • Irma Edith Carranza-Torres
  • Sara Garcia-Davis
  • Gildardo Rivera
  • Javier Moran-Martinez
  • Nadia Denys Betancourt-Martinez
  • G. M. M. Groothuis
  • I. A. M. de Graaf
  • Pilar Carranza-Rosales

Amoebiasis is a parasitic disease that causes thousands of deaths every year, its adverse effects and resistance to conventional treatments have led to the search of new treatment options, as well as the development of novel screening methods. In this work, we implemented a 3D model of intestine and liver slices from hamsters that were infected ex vivo with virulent E. histolytica trophozoites. Results show preserved histology in both uninfected tissues as well as ulcerations, destruction of the epithelial cells, and inflammatory reaction in intestine slices and formation of micro abscesses, and the presence of amoebae in the sinusoidal spaces and in the interior of central veins in liver slices. The three chemically synthetized compounds T-001, T-011, and T-016, which act as amoebicides in vitro, were active in both infected tissues, as they decreased the number of trophozoites, and provoked death by disintegration of the amoeba, similar to metronidazole. However, compound T-011 induced signs of cytotoxicity to liver slices. Our results suggest that ex vivo cultures of precision-cut intestinal and liver slices represent a reliable 3D approach to evaluate novel amoebicidal compounds, and to simultaneously detect their toxicity, while reducing the number of experimental animals commonly required by other model systems.

Original languageEnglish
Article number8396
Number of pages12
JournalScientific Reports
Volume9
Publication statusPublished - 10-Jun-2019

    Keywords

  • CUT INTESTINAL SLICES, IN-VITRO EVALUATION, HAMSTER LIVER SLICES, ENTAMOEBA-HISTOLYTICA, ANTIAMEBIC ACTIVITY, QUINOXALINE-7-CARBOXYLATE 1,4-DI-N-OXIDE, DRUG-METABOLISM, RAT-LIVER, AMEBIASIS, VIRULENCE

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