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Developing critical awareness: the consequences of action and reflection for perceptions of group injustices

Turner-Zwinkels, F. M., Postmes, T. & van Zomeren, M., Mar-2016, In : Journal of applied social psychology. 46, 3, p. 143-157 15 p.

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  • Developing critical awareness the consequences of action and reflection

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DOI

Individuals often cannot address (objective) group injustices until they develop a (subjective) critical awareness of them. In three studies, we tested two potential psychological pathways toward critical awareness: Reflection (deductive, knowledge driven) and action (inductive, action driven) mindsets. Across studies, participants were exposed to an objectively unjust event, enacted by the experimenter. Based on a pilot study (N=31) and first experiment (N=28), we developed the hypothesis that action (vs. reflection) mindsets increase group entitativity (due to their reliance on expectancy effects), but not necessarily (subjective) critical awareness of (objective) group injustice. Study 2 (N=121) confirmed this hypothesis. We discuss the difficulties of developing (subjective) critical awareness of (objective) group injustices.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-157
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of applied social psychology
Volume46
Issue number3
Early online dateNov-2015
Publication statusPublished - Mar-2016

    Keywords

  • COLLECTIVE ACTION, INTERGROUP RELATIONS, IDENTITY, CONSCIOUSNESS, DEPRIVATION, MODEL, IDENTIFICATION, EMPOWERMENT, ACCEPTANCE, MEMBERSHIP

ID: 37455016