Detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) genes and plasmid replicons in Enterobacteriaceae using PlasmidSPAdes assembly of short-read sequence data

Stohr, J. J. J. M., Kluytmans-van den Bergh, M. F. Q., Wedema, R., Friedrich, A. W., Kluytmans, J. A. J. W. & Rossen, J. W. A., 26-Jun-2020, In : Microbial genomics. 6, 7, 7 p.

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Knowledge of the epidemiology of plasmids is essential for understanding the evolution and spread of antimicrobial resistance. PlasmidSPAdes attempts to reconstruct plasmids using short-read sequence data. Accurate detection of extended-spectrum beta-lactamase (ESBL) genes and plasmid replicon genes is a prerequisite for the use of plasmid assembly tools to investigate the role of plasmids in the spread and evolution of ESBL production in Enterobacteriaceae. This study evaluated the performance of PlasmidSPAdes plasmid assembly for Enterobacteriaceae in terms of detection of ESBL-encoding genes, plasmid replicons and chromosomal wgMLST genes, and assessed the effect of k-mer size. Short-read sequence data for 59 ESBL-producing Enterobacteriaceae were assembled with PlasmidSPAdes using different k-mer sizes (21, 33, 55, 77, 99 and 127). For every k-mer size, the presence of ESBL genes, plasmid replicons and a selection of chromosomal wgMLST genes in the plasmid assembly was determined. Out of 241 plasmid replicons and 66 ESBL genes detected by whole-genome assembly, 213 plasmid replicons [88 %; 95 % confidence interval (CI): 83.9-91.9] and 43 ESBL genes (65 %; 95 % CI: 53.1-75.6) were detected in the plasmid assemblies obtained by PlasmidSPAdes. For most ESBL genes (83.3 %) and plasmid replicons (72.0 %), detection results did not differ between the k-mer sizes used in the plasmid assembly. No optimal k-mer size could be defined for the number of ESBL genes and plasmid replicons detected. For most isolates, the number of chromosomal wgMLST genes detected in the plasmid assemblies decreased with increasing k-mer size. Based on our findings, PlasmidSPAdes is not a suitable plasmid assembly tool for short-read sequence data for ESBL-encoding plasmids of Enterobacteriaceae.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages7
JournalMicrobial genomics
Issue number7
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 26-Jun-2020

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