delta-(L-alpha-Aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthetase, that mediates the first committed step in penicillin biosynthesis, is a cytosolic enzyme

van der Lende, T. R., de Kamp, M., den Berg, M. V., Sjollema, K., Bovenberg, R. A. L., Veenhuis, M., Konings, W. N. & Driessen, A. J. M., Oct-2002, In : Fungal Genetics and Biology. 37, 1, p. 49-55 7 p., PII S1087-1845(02)00036-1.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Penicillin biosynthesis by Penicillium chrysogenum is a compartmentalized process. The first catalytic step is mediated by delta-(L-alpha-aminoadipyl)-L-cysteinyl-D-valine synthetase (ACV synthetase), a high molecular mass enzyme that condenses the amino acids L-alpha-aminoadipate, L-cysteme, and L-valine into the tripeptide ACV. ACV synthetase has previously been localized to the vacuole where it is thought to utilize amino acids from the vacuolar pools. We localized ACV synthetase by subcellular fractionation and immunoelectron microscopy under conditions that prevented proteolysis and found it to co-localize with isopenicillin N synthetase in the cytosol, while acyltransferase localizes in microbodies. These data imply that the key enzymatic steps in penicillin biosynthesis are confined to only two compartments, i.e., the cytosol and microbody. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science (USA). All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Article numberPII S1087-1845(02)00036-1
Pages (from-to)49-55
Number of pages7
JournalFungal Genetics and Biology
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Oct-2002


  • beta-lactam antibiotics, compartmentalization, penicillin biosynthesis, peptide synthetase, secondary metabolism, vacuole, ISOPENICILLIN-N SYNTHETASE, CHRYSOGENUM, COMPARTMENTATION, LOCALIZATION, MICROBODIES, TRANSPORT, VACUOLAR, PROTEIN, GENE

ID: 1217363