Publication

Defoliation and Soil Compaction Jointly Drive Large-Herbivore Grazing Effects on Plants and Soil Arthropods on Clay Soil

van Klink, R., Schrama, M., Nolte, S., Bakker, J. P., WallisDeVries, M. F. & Berg, M. P., Jun-2015, In : Ecosystems. 18, 4, p. 671-685 15 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

van Klink, R., Schrama, M., Nolte, S., Bakker, J. P., WallisDeVries, M. F., & Berg, M. P. (2015). Defoliation and Soil Compaction Jointly Drive Large-Herbivore Grazing Effects on Plants and Soil Arthropods on Clay Soil. Ecosystems, 18(4), 671-685. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-015-9855-z

Author

van Klink, R. ; Schrama, M. ; Nolte, S. ; Bakker, J. P. ; WallisDeVries, M. F. ; Berg, M. P. / Defoliation and Soil Compaction Jointly Drive Large-Herbivore Grazing Effects on Plants and Soil Arthropods on Clay Soil. In: Ecosystems. 2015 ; Vol. 18, No. 4. pp. 671-685.

Harvard

van Klink, R, Schrama, M, Nolte, S, Bakker, JP, WallisDeVries, MF & Berg, MP 2015, 'Defoliation and Soil Compaction Jointly Drive Large-Herbivore Grazing Effects on Plants and Soil Arthropods on Clay Soil', Ecosystems, vol. 18, no. 4, pp. 671-685. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-015-9855-z

Standard

Defoliation and Soil Compaction Jointly Drive Large-Herbivore Grazing Effects on Plants and Soil Arthropods on Clay Soil. / van Klink, R.; Schrama, M.; Nolte, S.; Bakker, J. P.; WallisDeVries, M. F.; Berg, M. P.

In: Ecosystems, Vol. 18, No. 4, 06.2015, p. 671-685.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

van Klink R, Schrama M, Nolte S, Bakker JP, WallisDeVries MF, Berg MP. Defoliation and Soil Compaction Jointly Drive Large-Herbivore Grazing Effects on Plants and Soil Arthropods on Clay Soil. Ecosystems. 2015 Jun;18(4):671-685. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10021-015-9855-z


BibTeX

@article{7710ad9ca48949aea10c0a01492e2fb3,
title = "Defoliation and Soil Compaction Jointly Drive Large-Herbivore Grazing Effects on Plants and Soil Arthropods on Clay Soil",
abstract = "In addition to the well-studied impacts of defecation and defoliation, large herbivores also affect plant and arthropod communities through trampling, and the associated soil compaction. Soil compaction can be expected to be particularly important on wet, fine-textured soils. Therefore, we established a full factorial experiment of defoliation (monthly mowing) and soil compaction (using a rammer, annually) on a clay-rich salt marsh at the Dutch coast, aiming to disentangle the importance of these two factors. Additionally, we compared the effects on soil physical properties, plants, and arthropods to those at a nearby cattle-grazed marsh under dry and under waterlogged conditions. Soil physical conditions of the compacted plots were similar to the conditions at cattle-grazed plots, showing decreased soil aeration and increased waterlogging. Soil salinity was doubled by defoliation and quadrupled by combined defoliation and compaction. Cover of the dominant tall grass Elytrigia atherica was decreased by 80{\%} in the defoliated plots, but cover of halophytes only increased under combined defoliation and compaction. Effects on soil micro-arthropods were most severe under waterlogging, showing a fourfold decrease in abundance and a smaller mean body size under compaction. Although the combined treatment of defoliation and trampling indeed proved most similar to the grazed marsh, large discrepancies remained for both plant and soil fauna communities, presumably because of colonization time lags. We conclude that soil compaction and defoliation differently affect plant and arthropod communities in grazed ecosystems, and that the magnitude of their effects depends on herbivore density, productivity, and soil physical properties.",
keywords = "Collembola, Acari, Aranaea, Coleoptera, macro-detritivores, simulated grazing, SALT-MARSH, NITROGEN MINERALIZATION, WADDEN SEA, MOUNTAIN PASTURES, GRASSLAND, COLLEMBOLA, MANAGEMENT, DIVERSITY, GROWTH, COW",
author = "{van Klink}, R. and M. Schrama and S. Nolte and Bakker, {J. P.} and WallisDeVries, {M. F.} and Berg, {M. P.}",
year = "2015",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s10021-015-9855-z",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
pages = "671--685",
journal = "Ecosystems",
issn = "1435-0629",
publisher = "SPRINGER",
number = "4",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Defoliation and Soil Compaction Jointly Drive Large-Herbivore Grazing Effects on Plants and Soil Arthropods on Clay Soil

AU - van Klink, R.

AU - Schrama, M.

AU - Nolte, S.

AU - Bakker, J. P.

AU - WallisDeVries, M. F.

AU - Berg, M. P.

PY - 2015/6

Y1 - 2015/6

N2 - In addition to the well-studied impacts of defecation and defoliation, large herbivores also affect plant and arthropod communities through trampling, and the associated soil compaction. Soil compaction can be expected to be particularly important on wet, fine-textured soils. Therefore, we established a full factorial experiment of defoliation (monthly mowing) and soil compaction (using a rammer, annually) on a clay-rich salt marsh at the Dutch coast, aiming to disentangle the importance of these two factors. Additionally, we compared the effects on soil physical properties, plants, and arthropods to those at a nearby cattle-grazed marsh under dry and under waterlogged conditions. Soil physical conditions of the compacted plots were similar to the conditions at cattle-grazed plots, showing decreased soil aeration and increased waterlogging. Soil salinity was doubled by defoliation and quadrupled by combined defoliation and compaction. Cover of the dominant tall grass Elytrigia atherica was decreased by 80% in the defoliated plots, but cover of halophytes only increased under combined defoliation and compaction. Effects on soil micro-arthropods were most severe under waterlogging, showing a fourfold decrease in abundance and a smaller mean body size under compaction. Although the combined treatment of defoliation and trampling indeed proved most similar to the grazed marsh, large discrepancies remained for both plant and soil fauna communities, presumably because of colonization time lags. We conclude that soil compaction and defoliation differently affect plant and arthropod communities in grazed ecosystems, and that the magnitude of their effects depends on herbivore density, productivity, and soil physical properties.

AB - In addition to the well-studied impacts of defecation and defoliation, large herbivores also affect plant and arthropod communities through trampling, and the associated soil compaction. Soil compaction can be expected to be particularly important on wet, fine-textured soils. Therefore, we established a full factorial experiment of defoliation (monthly mowing) and soil compaction (using a rammer, annually) on a clay-rich salt marsh at the Dutch coast, aiming to disentangle the importance of these two factors. Additionally, we compared the effects on soil physical properties, plants, and arthropods to those at a nearby cattle-grazed marsh under dry and under waterlogged conditions. Soil physical conditions of the compacted plots were similar to the conditions at cattle-grazed plots, showing decreased soil aeration and increased waterlogging. Soil salinity was doubled by defoliation and quadrupled by combined defoliation and compaction. Cover of the dominant tall grass Elytrigia atherica was decreased by 80% in the defoliated plots, but cover of halophytes only increased under combined defoliation and compaction. Effects on soil micro-arthropods were most severe under waterlogging, showing a fourfold decrease in abundance and a smaller mean body size under compaction. Although the combined treatment of defoliation and trampling indeed proved most similar to the grazed marsh, large discrepancies remained for both plant and soil fauna communities, presumably because of colonization time lags. We conclude that soil compaction and defoliation differently affect plant and arthropod communities in grazed ecosystems, and that the magnitude of their effects depends on herbivore density, productivity, and soil physical properties.

KW - Collembola

KW - Acari

KW - Aranaea

KW - Coleoptera

KW - macro-detritivores

KW - simulated grazing

KW - SALT-MARSH

KW - NITROGEN MINERALIZATION

KW - WADDEN SEA

KW - MOUNTAIN PASTURES

KW - GRASSLAND

KW - COLLEMBOLA

KW - MANAGEMENT

KW - DIVERSITY

KW - GROWTH

KW - COW

U2 - 10.1007/s10021-015-9855-z

DO - 10.1007/s10021-015-9855-z

M3 - Article

VL - 18

SP - 671

EP - 685

JO - Ecosystems

JF - Ecosystems

SN - 1435-0629

IS - 4

ER -

ID: 22524535