Decreased left ventricular (LV) function is associated with hip-fracturesJansen, S., Koster, R. W., de lange, F. J., Goslings, J. C., Schafroth, M. U., de Rooij, S. E. & van der Velde, N., 2015, In : Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics. 60, 1, p. 103-107 5 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Background: Several risk factors for falls and hip-fractures have been recognized, but controversy still exists toward the importance of structural cardiac abnormalities as a potentially modifiable risk factor for recurrent falls. Aim of this study was to determine the association between echocardiographic abnormalities and hip-fractures.
Methods: Design case-control study within consecutive patients undergoing hip-surgery in an academic hospital. Cases: patients with traumatic hip-fractures. Controls: patients undergoing planned hip surgery (non-traumatic). Inclusion criteria: age >= 50 years, presence of pre-operative echocardiogram. Exclusion criteria: high energy trauma, pathological and/or previous hip-fracture. Outcome: echocardiographic abnormalities (ventricular function, atrial enlargement, valve stenosis and/or regurgitation, pulmonary hypertension (pulmonary artery pressure (PAP) >= 35 mmHg)). Multivariate logistic regression was performed to calculate odds ratios (OR) and to correct for confounders.
Results: We included 197 patients (141 cases). Mean age was 77 years (SD), 65% female. After adjustment for potential confounders, decreased LV systolic function was associated with hip-fractures (OR 3.2 [95% CI 1.1-9.1]). Increasing severity of LV dysfunction was also associated with hip-fractures (p for trend = 0.012).
Discussion: In conclusion, patients with traumatic hip-fracture had greater risk of decreased LV function than patients who underwent planned hip-surgery. Possibly, decreased LV function is an underestimated risk factor for injurious falls. (C) 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
|Number of pages||5|
|Journal||Archives of Gerontology and Geriatrics|
|Publication status||Published - 2015|
- Hip-fracture, Cardiac abnormalities, Falls, LV function, Echocardiography, ECHOCARDIOGRAPHIC FINDINGS, PROSPECTIVE COHORT, AORTIC-STENOSIS, HEART-FAILURE, OLDER PERSONS, POPULATION, FALLS, RISK, COMORBIDITY, VALIDATION