Death anxiety and its association with hypochondriasis and medically unexplained symptoms: A systematic reviewAan de Stegge, B. M., Tak, L. M., Rosmalen, J. G. M. & Oude Voshaar, R. C., Dec-2018, In : Journal of Psychosomatic Research. 115, p. 58-65 8 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Review article › Academic › peer-review
Objective: To systematically review of the available literature to (1) examine the association between death anxiety and hypochondriasis and (2) examine the association between death anxiety and medically unexplained symptoms (MUS).
Methods: A systematic literature search was conducted in Embase, PsycINFO, Pubmed and Ovid databases and reference lists of selected articles. Articles were included when the research population concerned people with hypochondriasis and/or MUS in who death anxiety was assessed by a validated research method. Two independent reviewers verified that the studies met the inclusion criteria, assessed the quality of the studies and extracted relevant characteristics and data. The data were descriptively analysed.
Results: Of the 1087 references identified in the search, six studies on the association between death anxiety and hypochondriasis and three studies on the association between death anxiety and MUS met inclusion criteria. All studies found a positive association of death anxiety with hypochondriasis and/or MUS. The design of all studies was cross-sectional and the overall quality of the studies was low. The influence of age or sex on these associations was not analysed in any of the studies. Given the diversity in setting, population, study design, and methods used, a meta-analysis was not possible.
Conclusion: All studies found a positive association of death anxiety with hypochondriasis and/or MUS. Acknowledging that death anxiety may play a prominent role in hypochondriasis/MUS populations, future research should address (potentially modifiable) determinants of death anxiety in these populations.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Psychosomatic Research|
|Publication status||Published - Dec-2018|
- Death anxiety, Hypochondriasis, Medically unexplained symptoms, SOMATIC SYMPTOMS, ATTITUDES, BELIEFS, FEAR, DISORDER