Dealing with interrelatedness and fragmentation in road infrastructure planning: an analysis of integrated approaches throughout the planning process in the Netherlands

Heeres, N., Tillema, T. & Arts, J., 2016, In : Planning Theory & Practice. 17, 3, p. 421-443 23 p.

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Planning approaches that integrate road infrastructure and other land uses are being increasingly applied. Dealing with functional interrelatedness and stakeholder fragmentation are the main reasons for this. This article conceptualizes and analyses why and how such integrated approaches can be applied effectively throughout consecutive stages of infrastructure planning. The two case studies illustrate that the concept of integration is applied for strategic as well as operational reasons, and they reveal that these reasons may alternate throughout the planning process. Effective integration is therefore dynamic: it appropriately focuses on strengthening the socio-economic perspectives of a region for the longer term, as well as on the relations between different land uses that are physically adjacent and competing for space within a smaller area. Due to fragmented institutional contexts, successfully dealing with interrelatedness requires an intense level of interaction amongst involved actors. Such "co-production" of visions and plans has two important characteristics: negotiation, and learning about each other's goals. Ultimately the case studies also show that planning at the infrastructure-land use interface needs institutional mechanisms to guide the alterations between strategically and operationally inspired integration. Contracts with private parties, public participation, and positive conditions for learning about each other's referential frames are examples of the institutional mechanisms encountered in this study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)421-443
Number of pages23
JournalPlanning Theory & Practice
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 2016


  • Integrated planning, road infrastructure, complexity, functional interrelatedness, institutional fragmentation, strategic planning, project implementation, TRANSPORT INFRASTRUCTURE, GOVERNANCE, PROJECTS, POLICY, PERSPECTIVE, ENVIRONMENT, MANAGEMENT, MOBILITY

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