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Cystathionine gamma-lyase is expressed in human atherosclerotic plaque microvessels and is involved in micro-angiogenesis

van den Born, J. C., Mencke, R., Conroy, S., Zeebregts, C. J., van Goor, H. & Hillebrands, J. L., 6-Oct-2016, In : Scientific Reports. 6, 13 p., 34608.

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Atherosclerotic plaques are classically divided into stable and vulnerable plaques. Vulnerable plaques are prone to rupture with a risk for infarction. High intraplaque microvessel density predisposes to plaque vulnerability. Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) is a proangiogenic gasotransmitter which is endogenously produced by cystathionine gamma-lyase (CSE), and is believed to have vasculoprotective effects. However, due to its proangiogenic effects, H2S may result in pathological angiogenesis in atherosclerotic plaques, thereby increasing plaque vulnerability. The aim of this study was to determine CSE expression pattern in atherosclerotic plaques, and investigate whether CSE is involved in micro-angiogenesis in vitro. Endarterectomy plaques were studied for CSE expression, and the role of CSE in micro-angiogenesis was studied in vitro. CSE is expressed in plaques with similar levels in both stable and vulnerable plaques. CSE co-localized with von Willebrand Factor-positive microvessel endothelial cells and alphasmooth- muscle actin-positive SMCs. In vitro, inhibition of CSE in HMEC-1 reduced tube formation, cell viability/proliferation, and migration which was restored after culture in the presence of H2S donor GYY4137. CSE is expressed in intraplaque microvessels, and H2S is a stimulator of micro-angiogenesis in vitro. Due to this pro-angiogenic effect, high levels of CSE in atherosclerotic plaques may be a potential risk for plaque vulnerability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number34608
Number of pages13
JournalScientific Reports
Volume6
Publication statusPublished - 6-Oct-2016

    Keywords

  • SYMPTOMATIC CAROTID PLAQUES, SMOOTH-MUSCLE-CELLS, HYDROGEN-SULFIDE, RENAL ISCHEMIA/REPERFUSION, OXFORD PLAQUE, H2S, CARDIOPROTECTION, VULNERABILITY, VASORELAXANT, RUPTURE

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