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Current perspectives on the role of interleukin-1 signalling in the pathogenesis of asthma and COPD

Osei, E. T., Brandsma, C-A., Timens, W., Heijink, I. H. & Hackett, T-L., 1-Feb-2020, In : European Respiratory Journal. 55, 2, 16 p., 1900563.

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  • Current perspectives on the role of Interleukin-1 signaling in the pathogenesis of Asthma and COPD

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DOI

Asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) cause significant morbidity and mortality worldwide. In the context of disease pathogenesis, both asthma and COPD involve chronic inflammation of the lung and are characterised by the abnormal release of inflammatory cytokines, dysregulated immune cell activity and remodelling of the airways. To date, current treatments still only manage symptoms and do not reverse the primary disease processes. In recent work, interleukin (IL)-1 alpha and IL-1 beta have been suggested to play important roles in both asthma and COPD. In this review, we summarise overwhelming pre-clinical evidence for dysregulated signalling of IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta contributing to disease pathogenesis and discuss the paradox of IL-1 therapeutic studies in asthma and COPD. This is particularly important given recent completed and ongoing clinical trials with IL-1 biologics that have had varying degrees of failure and success as therapeutics for disease modification in asthma and COPD.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1900563
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Respiratory Journal
Volume55
Issue number2
Early online date14-Nov-2019
Publication statusPublished - 1-Feb-2020

    Keywords

  • OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY-DISEASE, HOUSE-DUST MITE, RECEPTOR ANTAGONIST IL-1RA, AIRWAY SMOOTH-MUSCLE, NF-KAPPA-B, NLRP3 INFLAMMASOME, RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS, IMMUNE-RESPONSES, EPITHELIAL-CELLS, DENDRITIC CELLS

ID: 102978915