Cultural difference in tolerance responses toward ingroup and outgroup violators: The ingroup backlash effect

Albada, K., van Zomeren, M. & Sul, S., 2017.

Research output: Contribution to conferenceAbstractAcademic

Usually ingroup members are favored over outgroup members. However,
when an ingroup member commits a social violation, the ingroup bias
backlashes and they are faced with harsher consequences compared to
outgroup members. The ingroup backlash effect had so far only been
investigated in individualistic cultures whereas collectivistic cultures are
likely to differ from individualistic cultures in group processes. This
research investigated tolerance responses towards social violators that
are either foreigners (outgroup members) or native inhabitants (ingroup
members) in both an individualistic (The Netherlands) and a collectivistic
culture (South Korea). In addition, to systematically test the ingroup
backlash effect we compared three different types of social violations;
norm, value, and moral violations. In Study 1 (n = 99) we pretested the
research materials that were developed. In Study 2 (n = 175) we tested
cultural differences in tolerance responses and the ingroup backlash
effect among norm, value, and moral violations. The ingroup backlash
effect was only found in norm violations and only within the Dutch
sample. The results suggest that tolerance responses and the ingroup
backlash effect can differ between individualistic and collectivistic
cultures and across types of social violations. These fndings show
support for Yuki’s (2003) theoretical framework on cross-cultural group
processes that suggest categorical groups processes are more profound
in individualistic cultures compared to collectivistic cultures.
Implications and directions for future research are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 2017
EventASPO Conference - VU Amsterdam, Amsterdam, Netherlands
Duration: 14-Dec-201715-Dec-2017


ConferenceASPO Conference


ASPO Conference


Amsterdam, Netherlands

Event: Conference

ID: 53523728