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CT findings of the temporal bone in CHARGE syndrome: aspects of importance in cochlear implant surgery

Vesseur, A. C., Verbist, B. M., Westerlaan, H. E., Kloostra, F. J. J., Admiraal, R. J. C., van Ravenswaaij-Arts, C. M. A., Free, R. H. & Mylanus, E. A. M., Dec-2016, In : European Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology. 273, 12, p. 4225-4240 16 p.

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To provide an overview of anomalies of the temporal bone in CHARGE syndrome relevant to cochlear implantation (CI), anatomical structures of the temporal bone and the respective genotypes were analysed. In this retrospective study, 42 CTs of the temporal bone of 42 patients with CHARGE syndrome were reviewed in consensus by two head-and-neck radiologists and two otological surgeons. Anatomical structures of the temporal bone were evaluated and correlated with genetic data. Abnormalities that might affect CI surgery were seen, such as a vascular structure, a petrosquamosal sinus (13 %), an underdeveloped mastoid (8 %) and an aberrant course of the facial nerve crossing the round window (9 %) and/or the promontory (18 %). The appearance of the inner ear varied widely: in 77 % of patients all semicircular canals were absent and the cochlea varied from normal to hypoplastic. A stenotic cochlear aperture was observed in 37 %. The middle ear was often affected with a stenotic round (14 %) or oval window (71 %). More anomalies were observed in patients with truncating mutations than with non-truncating mutations. Temporal bone findings in CHARGE syndrome vary widely. Vascular variants, aberrant route of the facial nerve, an underdeveloped mastoid, aplasia of the semicircular canals, and stenotic round window may complicate cochlear implantation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4225-4240
Number of pages16
JournalEuropean Archives of Oto-Rhino-Laryngology
Volume273
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2016

    Keywords

  • CHARGE syndrome, Cochlear implant, Anatomy, Genetics, Temporal bone, CHD7 GENE, PETROSQUAMOSAL SINUS, SEMICIRCULAR CANALS, INNER-EAR, ASSOCIATION, CHILDREN, SPECTRUM, MALFORMATIONS, MUTATIONS, ANOMALIES

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