Publication

Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps: A systematic review

Hallegraeff, J., de Greef, M., Krijnen, W. & van der Schans, C., 28-Feb-2017, In : BMC Family Practice. 18, 9 p., 29.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Hallegraeff, J., de Greef, M., Krijnen, W., & van der Schans, C. (2017). Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps: A systematic review. BMC Family Practice, 18, [29]. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-017-0600-x

Author

Hallegraeff, Joannes ; de Greef, Mathieu ; Krijnen, Wim ; van der Schans, Cees. / Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps : A systematic review. In: BMC Family Practice. 2017 ; Vol. 18.

Harvard

Hallegraeff, J, de Greef, M, Krijnen, W & van der Schans, C 2017, 'Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps: A systematic review', BMC Family Practice, vol. 18, 29. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-017-0600-x

Standard

Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps : A systematic review. / Hallegraeff, Joannes; de Greef, Mathieu; Krijnen, Wim; van der Schans, Cees.

In: BMC Family Practice, Vol. 18, 29, 28.02.2017.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Hallegraeff J, de Greef M, Krijnen W, van der Schans C. Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps: A systematic review. BMC Family Practice. 2017 Feb 28;18. 29. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12875-017-0600-x


BibTeX

@article{d7e72b91d2e74ce6bca25d0754dae540,
title = "Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps: A systematic review",
abstract = "Background: Up to 33{\%} of the general population over 50 years of age are affected by nocturnal leg cramps. Currently there are no generally accepted clinical characteristics, which identify nocturnal leg cramps. This study aims to identify these clinical characteristics and to differentiate between them and the characteristics of restless leg syndrome and periodic limb disorder.Method: A systematic literature study was executed from December 2015 to May 2016. This study comprised of a systematic literature review of randomized clinical trials, observational studies on nocturnal and rest cramps of legs and other muscles, and other systematic and narrative reviews. Two researchers independently extracted literature data and analyzed this using a standardized reviewing protocol. Modified versions of the Cochrane Collaboration tools assessed the risk of bias. A Delphi study was conducted to assess agreement on the characteristics of nocturnal leg cramps.Results: After systematic and manual searches, eight randomized trials and ten observational studies were included. On the basis of these we identified seven diagnostic characteristics of nocturnal leg cramps: intense pain, period of duration from seconds to maximum 10 minutes, location in calf or foot, location seldom in thigh or hamstrings, persistent subsequent pain, sleep disruption and distress.Conclusion: The seven above characteristics will enhance recognition of the condition, and help clinicians make a clear distinction between NLC and other sleep-related musculoskeletal disorder among older adults.",
keywords = "Cramps, Nocturnal, Diagnosis, Aged, Sleep-wake transition disorder, Restless legs syndrome, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, MUSCLE CRAMPS, SYMPTOMS",
author = "Joannes Hallegraeff and {de Greef}, Mathieu and Wim Krijnen and {van der Schans}, Cees",
year = "2017",
month = "2",
day = "28",
doi = "10.1186/s12875-017-0600-x",
language = "English",
volume = "18",
journal = "BMC Family Practice",
issn = "1471-2296",
publisher = "BioMed Central Ltd.",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Criteria in diagnosing nocturnal leg cramps

T2 - A systematic review

AU - Hallegraeff, Joannes

AU - de Greef, Mathieu

AU - Krijnen, Wim

AU - van der Schans, Cees

PY - 2017/2/28

Y1 - 2017/2/28

N2 - Background: Up to 33% of the general population over 50 years of age are affected by nocturnal leg cramps. Currently there are no generally accepted clinical characteristics, which identify nocturnal leg cramps. This study aims to identify these clinical characteristics and to differentiate between them and the characteristics of restless leg syndrome and periodic limb disorder.Method: A systematic literature study was executed from December 2015 to May 2016. This study comprised of a systematic literature review of randomized clinical trials, observational studies on nocturnal and rest cramps of legs and other muscles, and other systematic and narrative reviews. Two researchers independently extracted literature data and analyzed this using a standardized reviewing protocol. Modified versions of the Cochrane Collaboration tools assessed the risk of bias. A Delphi study was conducted to assess agreement on the characteristics of nocturnal leg cramps.Results: After systematic and manual searches, eight randomized trials and ten observational studies were included. On the basis of these we identified seven diagnostic characteristics of nocturnal leg cramps: intense pain, period of duration from seconds to maximum 10 minutes, location in calf or foot, location seldom in thigh or hamstrings, persistent subsequent pain, sleep disruption and distress.Conclusion: The seven above characteristics will enhance recognition of the condition, and help clinicians make a clear distinction between NLC and other sleep-related musculoskeletal disorder among older adults.

AB - Background: Up to 33% of the general population over 50 years of age are affected by nocturnal leg cramps. Currently there are no generally accepted clinical characteristics, which identify nocturnal leg cramps. This study aims to identify these clinical characteristics and to differentiate between them and the characteristics of restless leg syndrome and periodic limb disorder.Method: A systematic literature study was executed from December 2015 to May 2016. This study comprised of a systematic literature review of randomized clinical trials, observational studies on nocturnal and rest cramps of legs and other muscles, and other systematic and narrative reviews. Two researchers independently extracted literature data and analyzed this using a standardized reviewing protocol. Modified versions of the Cochrane Collaboration tools assessed the risk of bias. A Delphi study was conducted to assess agreement on the characteristics of nocturnal leg cramps.Results: After systematic and manual searches, eight randomized trials and ten observational studies were included. On the basis of these we identified seven diagnostic characteristics of nocturnal leg cramps: intense pain, period of duration from seconds to maximum 10 minutes, location in calf or foot, location seldom in thigh or hamstrings, persistent subsequent pain, sleep disruption and distress.Conclusion: The seven above characteristics will enhance recognition of the condition, and help clinicians make a clear distinction between NLC and other sleep-related musculoskeletal disorder among older adults.

KW - Cramps

KW - Nocturnal

KW - Diagnosis

KW - Aged

KW - Sleep-wake transition disorder

KW - Restless legs syndrome

KW - RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL

KW - MUSCLE CRAMPS

KW - SYMPTOMS

U2 - 10.1186/s12875-017-0600-x

DO - 10.1186/s12875-017-0600-x

M3 - Review article

VL - 18

JO - BMC Family Practice

JF - BMC Family Practice

SN - 1471-2296

M1 - 29

ER -

ID: 46006890