Cost-effectiveness of a multicomponent primary care program targeting frail elderly people

Ruikes, F. G. H., Adang, E. M., Assendelft, W. J. J., Schers, H. J., Koopmans, R. T. C. M. & Zuidema, S. U., 16-May-2018, In : BMC Family Practice. 19, 1, 9 p., 62.

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  • Franca G H Ruikes
  • Eddy M Adang
  • Willem J J Assendelft
  • Henk J Schers
  • Raymond T C M Koopmans
  • Sytse U Zuidema

Background: Over the last 20 years, integrated care programs for frail elderly people aimed to prevent functional dependence and reduce hospitalization and institutionalization. However, results have been inconsistent and merely modest. To date, evidence on the cost-effectiveness of these programs is scarce. We evaluated the cost-effectiveness of the CareWell program, a multicomponent integrated care program for frail elderly people.

Methods: Economic evaluation from a healthcare perspective embedded in a cluster controlled trial of 12 months in 12 general practices in (the region of) Nijmegen. Two hundred and four frail elderly from 6 general practices in the intervention group received care according to the CareWell program, consisting of multidisciplinary team meetings, proactive care planning, case management, and medication reviews; 165 frail elderly from 6 general practices in the control group received usual care. In cost-effectiveness analyses, we related costs to daily functioning (Katz-15 change score i.e. follow up score minus baseline score) and quality adjusted life years (EQ-5D-3 L).

Results: Adjusted mean costs directly related to the intervention were (sic)456 per person. Adjusted mean total costs, i.e. intervention costs plus healthcare utilization costs, were (sic)1583 (95% CI -4647 to 1481) higher in the intervention group than in the control group. Incremental Net Monetary Benefits did not show significant differences between groups, but on average tended to favour usual care.

Conclusions: The CareWell primary program was not cost-effective after 12 months. From a cost-effectiveness perspective, widespread implementation of the program in its current form cannot be recommended.

Original languageEnglish
Article number62
Number of pages9
JournalBMC Family Practice
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 16-May-2018


  • Cost-benefit analysis, Frail elderly, Delivery of health care, Integrated, Activities of daily living, Primary health care, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, OLDER-PEOPLE, INTEGRATED CARE, HEALTH-CARE, CASE-MANAGEMENT, SELF-REPORT, COMMUNITY, INTERVENTION, POPULATION, ASSESSMENTS

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