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Coordinate-free formation control of multi-agent systems using rooted graphs

Liu, H., Lin, Z., Cao, M., Wang, X. & Lv, J., 1-Sep-2018, In : Systems & Control Letters. 119, 9, p. 8-15

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DOI

  • Hui Liu
  • Zhiyun Lin
  • Ming Cao
  • Xiaoping Wang
  • Jinhu Lv
This paper studies how to control large formations of autonomous agents in the plane, assuming that each agent is able to sense relative positions of its neighboring agents with respect to its own local coordinate system. We tackle the problem by adopting two types of controllers. First, we use the classical gradient-based controllers on three leader agents to meet their distance constraints. Second, we develop other type of controllers for follower agents: utilizing the properties of rooted graphs, one is able to design linear controllers incorporating relative positions between the follower agents and their neighbors, to stabilize the overall large formations. The advantages of the proposed method are fourfold: (i) fewer constraints on neighboring relationship graphs; (ii) simplicity of linear controllers for follower agents; (iii) global convergence of the overall formations; (iv) implementation in local coordinate systems, in no need of a global coordinate system. Numerical simulations show the effectiveness of the proposed method.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)8-15
JournalSystems & Control Letters
Volume119
Issue number9
Publication statusPublished - 1-Sep-2018

    Keywords

  • Multi-agent system, Formation control, Graph theory, Stabilization, VARYING FORMATION CONTROL, UNMANNED AERIAL VEHICLES, MOBILE AUTONOMOUS AGENTS, COOPERATIVE CONTROL, INTERACTION TOPOLOGIES, CONSENSUS, STABILIZATION, NETWORKS, PLANE

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