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Complications of locking and non-locking plate systems in mandibular fractures

Batbayar, E., Dijkstra, P. U., Bos, R. R. M. & van Minnen, B., Sep-2019, In : International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 48, 9, p. 1213-1226 14 p.

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  • Complications of locking and non-locking plate systems in mandibular fractures

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DOI

This systematic review and meta-analysis was performed to critically assess the methodological quality of the existing systematic reviews, and to evaluate the postoperative complications of the mandibular fractures treated with locking and non-locking plate systems. An electronic search was conducted in PubMed, Embase, Web of Science, Cochrane library's electronic databases and grey literate using a combination of Medical Subject Heading terms and key words, until September 2018. No restrictions were applied to the search strategy. In total, three relevant systematic reviews were included, and the quality of these studies was low. A total of 33 studies (20 randomized studies and 13 non-randomized studies) were included in this systematic review, and 16 of them were included in meta-analysis. Most of the included randomized studies had an unclear risk of bias (Cochrane Collaboration); the quality of non-randomized studies ranged between 6 and 17 (Methodological Index for Non-Randomized Studies MINORS). Based on the results of our meta-analysis, we conclude that locking plates are superior only with respect to the need for mandibulomaxillary fixation (MMF) in the early postoperative period.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1213-1226
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
Volume48
Issue number9
Early online date12-Mar-2019
Publication statusPublished - Sep-2019

    Keywords

  • mandibular fractures, bone plates, locking plate, conventional plate, postoperative complications, meta-analysis, 2.0 MM STANDARD, MINIPLATE OSTEOSYNTHESIS, ANGLE FRACTURES, BITE FORCE, FIXATION, MANAGEMENT, METAANALYSIS, OUTCOMES

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