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Complex phonological tasks predict reading fluency and reading comprehension

Dorofeeva, S., Reshetnikova, V., Laurinavichyute, A., Tops, W. & Dragoy, O., 12-Apr-2019, p. 116-116. 1 p.

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  • Svetlana Dorofeeva
  • Victoria Reshetnikova
  • Anne Laurinavichyute
  • Wim Tops
  • Olga Dragoy
Reading is a complex multifaceted process that critically relies on phonological processing (Del Campo et al., 2015, Ramus et al., 2013). The well-known theoretical model of phonological processing developed by Wagner and colleagues (Wagner et al., 1994) separates phonological skills into three main components: phonological awareness, phonological working memory, and rapid naming – and this model became the basis for modern studies of the relationship between phonology and reading (Del Campo et al., 2015; Kalashnikova & Burnham, 2016). But the role of the complexity level in phonological processing is underexplored now. We examined the relations between the level of complexity in phonological processing tasks and reading outcome, including reading fluency and reading comprehension. The research was conducted in a group of typically developing Russian- speaking children of primary school (N=90, 7-to-11 years of age, 48=girls, 42=boys). We used linguistically based approach and designed phonological subtests taking into account a number of psycholinguistic parameters, i.e., age of acquisition of words, word length, syllabic structure, frequency of use, articulatory features. The theoretical assessment of the complexity level in seven phonological subtests was verified by the empirical evidence. Our analysis showed that the most difficult phonological tasks have significant independent contribution to text reading and reading comprehension. The effect was revealed in a group of children controlled for non-verbal intelligence. These results suggest that phonological processing needs to be considered in models of reading not only in terms of traditional types, but also regarding the quantity and types of involved cognitive sub-processes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages116-116
Number of pages1
Publication statusPublished - 12-Apr-2019
EventXIV International Symposium of Psycholinguistics - Tarragona, Spain
Duration: 10-Apr-201913-Apr-2019
Conference number: 14

Conference

ConferenceXIV International Symposium of Psycholinguistics
CountrySpain
CityTarragona
Period10/04/201913/04/2019

Event

XIV International Symposium of Psycholinguistics

10/04/201913/04/2019

Tarragona, Spain

Event: Conference

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