Publication

Compassion-based interventions for people with long-term physical conditions: a mixed methods systematic review

Austin, J., Drossaert, C. H. C., Schroevers, M. J., Sanderman, R., Kirby, J. N. & Bohlmeijer, E. T., 2-Mar-2020, In : Psychology & Health. 27 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Objective: Compassion-based interventions show promise in enhancing well-being and reducing distress, but little is known about their applications for people with long-term physical conditions. This study explores compassion-based interventions for this population: what are their differing elements (content, structure, tailoring, use of technology), feasibility and acceptability, effects and experienced benefits? Design: A mixed-methods systematic review was conducted. Four bibliographic databases were searched without study design restrictions. Meta-synthesis was used to integrate quantitative results of effects and qualitative results of experienced benefits. Results: Twenty studies met the inclusion criteria. Most studies targeted people with cancer or persistent pain. Interventions were either comprehensive with 6-12 face-to-face sessions, or brief based on a single compassion exercise. Feasibility and accessibility were highly rated by participants. Amongst a plethora of outcomes, reductions in depression and anxiety were the most common findings. Our qualitative synthesis yielded experienced benefits of (1) acceptance of the condition; (2) improved emotion regulation skills; (3) reduced feelings of isolation. There was minimal overlap between quantitative and qualitative outcomes. Conclusion: While the field is still in its infancy, this review highlights the potential benefits of compassion-based interventions for people with long-term physical conditions and discusses recommendations for further intervention research and development.

Original languageEnglish
Number of pages27
JournalPsychology & Health
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 2-Mar-2020

    Keywords

  • Compassion, long-term physical conditions, intervention, systematic review, mixed methods, RANDOMIZED CONTROLLED-TRIAL, BREAST-CANCER SURVIVORS, SELF-COMPASSION, EMOTION REGULATION, MAJOR DEPRESSION, CHRONIC DISEASE, HEALTH, FEASIBILITY, DISTRESS, ILLNESS

ID: 133308532