Comparison of urine collection methods for albuminuria assessment in young children

van den Belt, S. M., Gracchi, V., de Zeeuw, D. & Heerspink, H. J. L., 1-Jul-2016, In : Clinica chimica acta. 458, p. 120-123 4 p.

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  • Comparison of urine collection methods for albuminuria assessment in young children

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Cotton wool or pantyliners placed in a diaper can be used as urine collection devices for albuminuria measurements in young, not continent children. We tested a new collection method (PeeSpot(R)) for its analytical performance, and compared it with the pantyliner technique.

Eighty-one urine samples with a wide range of albuminuria were pipetted on the pantyliner and PeeSpot in duplicate. These were incubated for 3 h at 37 degrees C (simulating the time a toddler wears a diaper), and subsequently 72 h at room temperature (simulating transport to a central laboratory). Urine was extracted by centrifugation and albumin concentration (U-AC) was measured. U-AC measured by the two methods was compared with U-AC in an unprocessed reference aliquot stored for 75 h at 4 degrees C. Bias (mean percentage U-AC difference between test and reference), precision (interquartile range of the U-AC difference) and accuracy (proportion of samples within 30% of reference U-AC) were calculated.

Median U-AC in the reference aliquot was 66.0 mg/L [IQR 25.0-211.0], pantyliner 32.0 mg/L [4.7-165.0; P <0.001 vs reference], and PeeSpot 61.0 mg/L [27.0-216.0; P = 0.84 vs reference]. Bias, precision and accuracy in pantyliner were 34.2%, 313 mg/L and 48.1%; in PeeSpot 33%, 5.0mg/L and 963%. Passing-Bablok regression and Bland-Altman plot showed an underestimation for the pantyliner but not for the PeeSpot. The PeeSpot is an accurate and precise tool for collecting urine for albumin measurement in young children and should be preferred over the alternative cotton wool collection technique.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)120-123
Number of pages4
JournalClinica chimica acta
Publication statusPublished - 1-Jul-2016


  • Albuminuria, Pediatric nephrology, Urine collection methods, MICROALBUMINURIA, POPULATION, EXCRETION, SAMPLES

ID: 32631556