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Comparison of Carboplatin With 5-Fluorouracil vs. Cisplatin as Concomitant Chemoradiotherapy for Locally Advanced Head and Neck Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Hanemaaijer, S. H., Kok, I. C., Fehrmann, R. S. N., van der Vegt, B., Gietema, J. A., Plaat, B. E. C., van Vugt, M. A. T. M., Vergeer, M. R., Leemans, C. R., Langendijk, J. A., Voortman, J., Buter, J. & Oosting, S. F., 5-Jun-2020, In : Frontiers in Oncology. 10, 9 p., 761.

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Background:Chemoradiotherapy (CRT) including three cycles of cisplatin is considered the standard of care for locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (LA-HNSCC). However, around one-third of the patients cannot complete cisplatin because of toxicity. Carboplatin plus 5-fluorouracil (carbo-5FU) is another accepted treatment option with a different toxicity profile. We compared tolerability and efficacy of concomitant carbo-5FU and cisplatin. Patients and Methods:We conducted a retrospective analysis of LA-HNSCC patients treated with CRT in two Dutch cancer centers between 2007 and 2016. All patients received intensity-modulated radiotherapy. One center routinely administered carboplatin 300-350 mg/m(2)at day 1, 22, and 43 followed by 5FU 600 mg/m(2)/day for 96 h. The other center used cisplatin 100 mg/m(2)at day 1, 22, and 43. The primary endpoint of this study was chemotherapy completion rate. Secondary endpoints included overall survival (OS), disease-free survival (DFS), locoregional control (LRC) and distant metastasis-free interval (DMFS), toxicity, and unplanned admissions. Results:In the carbo-5FU cohort (n= 211), 60.2% of the patients completed chemotherapy vs. 76.7% (p<0.001) of the patients in the cisplatin cohort (n= 223). Univariate analysis showed a higher risk of death in the carbo-5FU cohort [hazard ratio (HR) 1.53, 95% CI, 1.09-2.14,p= 0.01] with a 3-year OS of 65.4 vs. 76.5% for cisplatin. OS was independently associated with T and N stage and p16 status, but not with chemotherapy regimen (HR 1.08, 95% CI, 0.76-1.55,p= 0.65). Three-year DFS was 70.0% for carbo-5FU vs. 78.6% for cisplatin (HR 1.37, 95% CI, 0.93-2.01,p= 0.05). A similar outcome was observed for both LRC (HR 1.27, 95% CI, 0.74-2.09,p= 0.4) and DMFS (HR 1.08, 95% CI 0.62-1.90,p= 0.77). The risk of discontinuation for chemotherapy-associated toxicity was higher in the carbo-5FU cohort than in the cisplatin cohort (relative risk = 1.69). Conclusion:LA-HNSCC patients treated with concomitant carbo-5FU completed chemotherapy less frequently than patients treated with cisplatin. Treatment regimen was not an independent prognostic factor for OS.

Original languageEnglish
Article number761
Number of pages9
JournalFrontiers in Oncology
Volume10
Publication statusPublished - 5-Jun-2020

    Keywords

  • area under the concentration-time curve, carboplatin 5-flourouracil, chemoradiotherapy, cisplatin, comparison, head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, locally advanced head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, HUMAN-PAPILLOMAVIRUS, RADIATION-THERAPY, CHEMORADIATION, CHEMOTHERAPY, RADIOTHERAPY, CANCER, TRIAL

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