Common mental disorders: Prediction of sickness absence durations and recurrences

Kuper, L., 2016, [Groningen]: Rijksuniversiteit Groningen. 160 p.

Research output: ThesisThesis fully internal (DIV)Academic

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  • Title and contents

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  • Chapter 1

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  • Chapter 2

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  • Chapter 3

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  • Chapter 5

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  • Chapter 6

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  • Chapter 7

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  • Chapter 8

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  • Chapter 9

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  • Chapter 10

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  • Summary

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  • Samenvatting

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  • About the author

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Psychological disorders cause a considerable proportion of long-term sickness absence and constitute the most significant reason for disability pensions of employees under 55 years of age. Knowledge of the risk factors will help occupational physicians to initiate treatments and interventions at an early stage thereby preventing long term sickness absence. Risk factors predicting long-term sickness absence (>3 months) include being aged over 50, a high educational level, experiencing depression and a lot of symptoms. Because of the risk of recurrent sickness absence due to psychological disorders guidance should not stop after return to work. 28% of the employees will have a recurrent sickness absence usually within 12 months. In case of employees over 55 years of age mostly within 4 months. Furthermore, employees who are absent due to a psychological disorder are at greater risk of losing their job: 18% of those employees go on to lose their job within 5 years, compared to 9% of employees without sickness absence due to psychological disorders. The most important reason for losing their job was poor work functioning. Due to the risk of recurrent sickness absence due to psychological illness and the probability of dismissal, the guidance offered to staff should not cease upon full reintegration. It will be desirable to monitor the employee’s psychological health and work performance, e.g. by means of preventive appointments or medical examinations.
Original languageEnglish
QualificationDoctor of Philosophy
Awarding Institution
  • Bultmann, Ute, Supervisor
  • van der Klink, Jacobus, Supervisor
  • Roelen, Corné, Co-supervisor
  • Schene, A. H., Assessment committee, External person
  • van der Feltz-Cornelis, Christina M., Assessment committee, External person
  • Rugulies, Reiner, Assessment committee, External person
Award date16-Nov-2016
Place of Publication[Groningen]
Print ISBNs978-90-367-9153-3
Electronic ISBNs978-90-367-9155-7
Publication statusPublished - 2016

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