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Cognitive deficits after aneurysmal and angiographically negative subarachnoid hemorrhage: Memory, attention, executive functioning, and emotion recognition

Buunk, A. M., Groen, R. J. M., Veenstra, W. S., Metzemaekers, J., van der Hoeven, J. H., van Dijk, J. M. C. & Spikman, J. M., Nov-2016, In : Neuropsychology. 30, 8, p. 961-969 9 p.

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  • Cognitive deficits after aneurysmal and angiographically negative subarachnoid

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OBJECTIVE: The authors' aim was to investigate cognitive outcome in patients with aneurysmal and angiographically negative subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH and anSAH), by comparing them to healthy controls and to each other. Besides investigating cognitive functions as memory and attention, they focused on higher-order prefrontal functions, namely executive functioning (EF) and emotion recognition.

METHOD: Patients and healthy controls were assessed with tests measuring memory (15 Words Test, Digit Span), attention and processing speed (Trail Making Test A and B), EF (Zoo Map, Letter Fluency, Dysexecutive Questionnaire), and emotion recognition (Facial Expressions of Emotion Stimuli and Tests). Between-groups comparisons of test performances were made.

RESULTS: Patients with aSAH scored significantly lower than healthy controls on measures of memory, processing speed, and attention, but anSAH patients did not. In the higher-order prefrontal functions (EF and emotion recognition), aSAH patients were clearly impaired when compared to healthy controls. However, anSAH patients did not perform significantly better than aSAH patients on the majority of the tests.

CONCLUSIONS: In the subacute phase after SAH, cognitive functions, including the higher-order prefrontal functions EF and emotion recognition, were clearly impaired in aSAH patients. Patients with anSAH did not perform better than aSAH patients, which indicates that these functions may also be affected to some extent in anSAH patients. Considering the importance of these higher-order prefrontal functions for daily life functioning, and following the results of the present study, tests that measure emotion recognition and EF should be part of the standard neuropsychological assessment after SAH. (PsycINFO Database Record

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)961-969
Number of pages9
JournalNeuropsychology
Volume30
Issue number8
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2016

    Keywords

  • subarachnoid hemorrhage, cognition, emotion recognition, TRAUMATIC BRAIN-INJURY, FACIAL AFFECT RECOGNITION, QUALITY-OF-LIFE, TERM-FOLLOW-UP, LONG-TERM, NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL ASSESSMENT, SOCIAL COGNITION, UNKNOWN ORIGIN, PERFORMANCE, OUTCOMES

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