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Cognitive control deficits in pediatric frontal lobe epilepsy

van den Berg, L., de Weerd, A., Reuvekamp, M. & van der Meere, J., Jan-2020, In : Epilepsy & Behavior. 102, 5 p., 106645.

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  • Cognitive control deficits in pediatric frontal lobe epilepsy

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DOI

Executive dysfunction and behavioral problems are common in children with epilepsy. Inhibition and shifting, both aspects of cognitive control, seem related to behavior problems and are thought to be driven mainly by the frontal lobes. We investigated if inhibition and shifting deficits are present in children with frontal lobe epilepsy (FLE). Secondly, we studied the relationship between these deficits and behavior problems. Thirty-one children were administered the Stroop Color Word Test and a digital version of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST). Parents completed the Behavioral Rating Inventory for Executive Function (BRIEF) and the Achenbach scale (Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL)). About 20% of the children displayed significant low results on the Stroop Effect. About 60% showed shifting problems on the WCST. Parents reported cognitive control and behavioral deficits in about a third of the children. Also, behavioral problems and deficits in inhibition and shifting in daily life (BRIEF) seem to be related. There were no correlations between questionnaires and the Stroop and the WCST. Only in the group of children with many perseverative errors there were especially high correlations between Inhibit of the BRIEF.

Original languageEnglish
Article number106645
Number of pages5
JournalEpilepsy & Behavior
Volume102
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2020

    Keywords

  • Epilepsy, Mental flexibility, Shifting, Impulsiveness, Inhibition, Behavioral problems, BEHAVIOR RATING INVENTORY, EXECUTIVE FUNCTION, CHILDHOOD EPILEPSY, CHILDREN, DYSFUNCTION, AGE, INHIBITION, ATTENTION, MEMORY, FLEXIBILITY

ID: 128652376