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Clinical relevance of short-term follow-up of unruptured intracranial aneurysms

Molenberg, R., Aalbers, M. W., Metzemaekers, J. D. M., Mazuri, A., Luijckx, G-J., Groen, R. J. M., Uyttenboogaart, M. & van Dijk, J. M. C., Jul-2019, In : Neurosurgical focus. 47, 1, 5 p., 7.

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  • Clinical relevance of short-term follow-up of unruptured intracranial aneurysms

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OBJECTIVE Unruptured intracranial aneurysms are common incidental findings on brain imaging. Short-term follow-up for conservatively treated aneurysms is routinely performed in most cerebrovascular centers, although its clinical relevance remains unclear. In this study, the authors assessed the extent of growth as well as the rupture risk during short-term follow-up of conservatively treated unruptured intracranial aneurysms. In addition, the influence of patient-specific and aneurysm-specific factors on growth and rupture risk was investigated.

METHODS The authors queried their prospective institutional neurovascular registry to identify patients with unruptured intracranial aneurysms and short term follow up imaging, defined as follow-up MRA and/or CTA within 3 months to 2 years after initial diagnosis. Medical records and questionnaires were used to acquire baseline information. The authors measured aneurysm size at baseline and at follow up to detect growth. Rupture was defined as a CT scan-proven and/ or CSF-proven subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH).

RESULTS A total of 206 consecutive patients with 267 conservatively managed unruptured aneurysms underwent short term follow-up at the authors' center. Seven aneurysms (2.6%) enlarged during a median follow-up duration of 1 year (range 0.3-2.0 years). One aneurysm (0.4%) ruptured 10 months after initial discovery. Statistically significant risk factors for growth or rupture were autosomal-dominant polycystic kidney disease (RR 8.3, 95% CI 2.0-34.7), aspect ratio > 1.6 or size ratio > 3 (RR 10.8, 95% CI 2.2-52.2), and initial size >= 7mm (RR 10.7, 95% CI 2.7-42.8).

CONCLUSIONS Significant growth of unruptured intracranial aneurysms may occur in a small proportion of patients during short-term follow-up. As aneurysm growth is associated with an increased risk of rupture, the authors advocate that short-term follow-up is clinically relevant and has an important role in reducing the risk of a potential SAH.

Original languageEnglish
Article number7
Number of pages5
JournalNeurosurgical focus
Volume47
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Jul-2019

    Keywords

  • unruptured intracranial aneurysm, growth, follow-up, risk factors, subarachnoid hemorrhage, MAGNETIC-RESONANCE ANGIOGRAPHY, CEREBRAL ANEURYSMS, NATURAL-HISTORY, CT ANGIOGRAPHY, RUPTURE RISK, GROWTH, PREVALENCE, PREDICTION, MORPHOLOGY, IMAGES

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