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Clinical outcome of salvage neck dissections in head and neck cancer in relation to initial treatment, extent of surgery and patient factors

van den Bovenkamp, K., Noordhuis, M. G., Oosting, S. F., van der Laan, B. F. A. M., Roodenburg, J. L., Bijl, H. P., Halmos, G. B. & Plaat, B. E. C., Jun-2017, In : Clinical Otolaryngology. 42, 3, p. 693-700 8 p.

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  • Clinical outcome of salvage neck dissections in head and neck cancer in relation to initial treatment, extent of surgery and patient factors

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DOI

Objective: Salvage surgery has a higher complication rate compared to primary surgical treatment. We evaluated clinical outcome of salvage neck dissections in relation to initial treatment modality, extent of surgery and patient-related factors.

Design: Single institution consecutive case series.

Setting: Tertiary Head and Neck Cancer Centre.

Participants: In all, 87 patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma, who underwent salvage neck dissection after initial radiotherapy (n = 30), radiotherapy with carboplatin/5-fluorouracil (n = 43) or radiotherapy with cetuximab (n = 14).

Main outcome measures: Incidence of complications, disease-specific survival.

Results: Complications occurred in 28% of the patients. Multivariate analysis identified extent of neck dissection as the only independent predictor of surgical complications (P = 0.010). Surgical complication rate was 16% after radiotherapy with systemic treatment, and 47% after radiotherapy alone (P = 0.171). The 5-year disease-specific survival was 55%, independent of complications, initial treatment, extent of surgery and patient-related factors.

ConclusionThe only predictor for surgical complications was extent of surgery. Survival was not influenced by complications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)693-700
Number of pages8
JournalClinical Otolaryngology
Volume42
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Jun-2017

ID: 38521067