Publication

Clinical implications of shared genetics and pathogenesis in autoimmune diseases

Zhernakova, A., Withoff, S. & Wijmenga, C., Nov-2013, In : Nature reviews endocrinology. 9, 11, p. 646-659 14 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articleAcademicpeer-review

Many endocrine diseases, including type 1 diabetes mellitus, Graves disease, Addison disease and Hashimoto disease, originate as an autoimmune reaction that affects disease-specific target organs. These autoimmune diseases are characterized by the development of specific autoantibodies and by the presence of autoreactive T cells. They are caused by a complex genetic predisposition that is attributable to multiple genetic variants, each with a moderate-to-low effect size. Most of the genetic variants associated with a particular autoimmune endocrine disease are shared between other systemic and organ-specific autoimmune and inflammatory diseases, such as rheumatoid arthritis, coeliac disease, systemic lupus erythematosus and psoriasis. Here, we review the shared and specific genetic background of autoimmune diseases, summarize their treatment options and discuss how identifying the genetic and environmental factors that predispose patients to an autoimmune disease can help in the diagnosis and monitoring of patients, as well as the design of new treatments.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)646-659
Number of pages14
JournalNature reviews endocrinology
Volume9
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - Nov-2013

    Keywords

  • SYSTEMIC-LUPUS-ERYTHEMATOSUS, GENOME-WIDE ASSOCIATION, NF-KAPPA-B, PSORIASIS SUSCEPTIBILITY LOCI, INFLAMMATORY-BOWEL-DISEASE, VOLATILE ORGANIC-COMPOUNDS, RHEUMATOID-ARTHRITIS, CELIAC-DISEASE, ADDISONS-DISEASE, JAPANESE POPULATION

ID: 5977193