Climato-economic imprints on Chinese collectivism

Van de Vliert, E., Yang, H., Wang, Y. & Ren, X., May-2013, In : Journal of Cross-Cultural Psychology. 44, 4, p. 589-605 17 p.

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A still unsolved question is why humans create collectivism. New theory proposes that poorer populations coping with more demanding winters or summers become more collectivist. Preliminary support comes from a province-level analysis of survey data from 1662 native residents of 15 Chinese provinces. Collectivism is weakest in provinces with temperate climates irrespective of income (e.g., Guangdong), negligibly stronger in higher-income provinces with demanding climates (e.g., Hunan), and strongest in lower-income provinces with demanding climates (e.g., Heilongjiang). Multi¬level analysis consolidates the results by demonstrating that collectivism at the provincial level fully mediates the interactive impact of climato-economic hardships on collectivist orientations at the individual level, suggesting that culture building is a collective top-down rather than bottom-up process.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)589-605
Number of pages17
JournalJournal of Cross-Cultural Psychology
Issue number4
Publication statusPublished - May-2013


  • collectivism, climatic demands, climato-economic, China, environmental livability, LAST MILLENNIUM, INDIVIDUALISM, PSYCHOLOGY, FRAMEWORK, CULTURES, STRESS, THREAT, VALUES

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