Climatic Ignition of MotivationVan de Vliert, E., Postmes, T. T. & Van Lange, P. A. M., 25-Feb-2019, Advances in Motivation Science. Elliot, A. J. (ed.). London, UK: Academic Press, Vol. 6. p. 157-184 28 p.
Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceeding › Chapter › Academic › peer-review
Climatic demands of cold winters and hot summers help explain why, whereas poverty and riches help explain how, inhabitants adapt culturally to their place of residence, their habitat. Motivational goals, behavioral means, and behavioral outcomes differ systematically in the following four types of habitats: threatening (demanding, poor); unthreatening (undemanding, poor); unchallenging (undemanding, rich); and challenging (demanding, rich). Perhaps most notably, there are stepwise increases in freedom, individualism, cooperation and creativity from threatening to unthreatening to unchallenging to challenging habitats. Geographically viewed, north-south differences dwarf east-west differences in climatic demands and wealth resources, and thus in climato-economic habitats. As a consequence, north-south differences also dwarf east-west differences in motives and behaviors. Because of their climato-economic habitats, compared to southerners, northerners manifest higher levels of freedom, individualism, cooperation and creativity in the northern hemisphere, but lower levels of freedom, individualism, cooperation and creativity in the southern hemisphere. This pattern of findings contributes to the burgeoning field of latitudinal psychology—the long-term ambition to map and understand spatial variations of psychological phenomena along the north-south rather than the east-west axis of the Earth.
|Title of host publication||Advances in Motivation Science|
|Editors||Andrew J. Elliot|
|Place of Publication||London, UK|
|Number of pages||28|
|Publication status||Published - 25-Feb-2019|
- climatic demands, wealth resources, climato-economic, cultural adaptations