Classroom instruction versus roadside training in traffic safety education

van Schagen, I. & Rothengatter, J. A., 1997, In : Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology. 18, 2, p. 283-292 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • I van Schagen
  • J.A. Rothengatter

This study compares the effectiveness of different approaches to training complex cognitive and psychomotor skills within the framework of road safety education for primary school children. A method involving roadside behavioral training, a classroom instruction method and a method combining these two approaches were developed to teach basic skills critical to the safe crossing of intersections. These three methods were presented to pupils of the first grade of primary schools (6-7-year-olds) and both the knowledge of the necessary crossing skills and the ability to perform these skills under normal traffic conditions was measured using a before/after treatment design. The results indicate that knowledge and behavioural improvements can be achieved by both classroom instruction and the behavioral training, even though the latter approach appeared to be slightly superior. This suggests that instruction carried out in the classroom can be beneficial in acquiring complex psychomotor skills, which is in contrast to earlier findings indicating that classroom instruction con only affect knowledge and does not improve road crossing skills. The conclusion is reached that precise formulation of the educational objectives and use of audiovisual media are essential factors determining the effectiveness of cognitive instruction of road crossing skills in the classroom.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)283-292
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Applied Developmental Psychology
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 1997



ID: 859577