Publication

Characterization of novel anthracycline prodrugs activated by human beta-glucuronidase for use in antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy

Houba, PHJ., Leenders, RGG., Boven, E., Scheeren, JW., Pinedo, HM. & Haisma, HJ., 9-Aug-1996, In : Biochemical Pharmacology. 52, 3, p. 455-463 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

  • PHJ Houba
  • RGG Leenders
  • E Boven
  • JW Scheeren
  • HM Pinedo
  • HJ Haisma

Antibody-directed enzyme prodrug therapy (ADEPT) alms at the specific activation of a prodrug by an enzyme-immuoconjugate localized in tumor tissue. The use of an enzyme of human origin is preferable in ADEPT because it might not be immunogenic when administered to patients. In the case of human beta-glucuronidase, prodrugs should be designed that are rapidly and completely activated at a neutral pH. Four new daunorubicin glucuronides were synthesized by coupling a glucuronide group to daunorubicin via an aliphatic (GA1 and GB1) or an aromatic (GA3, GB6) carbamate spacer, to be released by electron shift (A-type) or by ring closure (B-type). These prodrugs were characterized in vitro for their usefulness in ADEPT and were compared with the previously described prodrugs epirubicin-glucuronide and doxorubicin-nitrophenyl-glucuronide. The four new prodrugs were stable in serum, hydrophilic when compared to the lipophilic daunorubicin, and at least 20-fold less toxic than the parent compound. The hydrolysis rate at clinically relevant enzyme and prodrug concentrations (1 mu g/mL human beta-glucuronidase, 100 mu M prodrug) at pH 6.8 were similar for GA3 (T-1/2 160 min) and higher for GB6 (T-1/2 40 min) when compared to that of doxorubicin-nitrophenyl-glucuronide (T-1/2 170 min). Epirubicin-glucuronide, GA1, and GB1 showed a low hydrolysis rate (T-1/2 > 400 min). GA1 and GA3, but not GB1 or GB6, were activated to the parent compound. Complete activation was confirmed in OVCAR-3 cells pretreated with a specific antibody-human beta-glucuronidase conjugate, where GA3 had similar antiproliferative effects to those of daunorubicin.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-463
Number of pages9
JournalBiochemical Pharmacology
Volume52
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 9-Aug-1996

    Keywords

  • anthracycline-glucuronide prodrugs, daunorubicin, human beta-glucuronidase, ADEPT, MONOCLONAL-ANTIBODY, CONJUGATE

ID: 13021276