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Changes in Management of Left-Sided Obstructive Colon Cancer: National Practice and Guideline Implementation

Dutch Snapshot Res Grp, Dec-2019, In : Journal of the national comprehensive cancer network. 17, 12, p. 1512-1520 14 p.

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  • Changes in Management of Left-Sided Obstructive Colon Cancer

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DOI

  • Dutch Snapshot Res Grp

Background: Previous analysis of Dutch practice in treatment of left-sided obstructive colon cancer (LSOCC) until 2012 showed that emergency resection (ER) was preferred, with high mortality in patients aged >= 70 years. Consequently, Dutch and European guidelines in 2014 recommended a bridge to surgery (BTS) with either self-expandable metal stent (SEMS) or decompressing stoma (DS) in high-risk patients. The implementation and effects of these guidelines have not yet been evaluated. Therefore, our aim was to perform an in-depth update of national practice concerning curative treatment of LSOCC, including an evaluation of guideline implementation. Patients and Methods: This multicenter cohort study was conducted in 75 of 77 hospitals in the Netherlands. We included data on patients who underwent curative resection of LSOCC in 2009 through 2016 obtained from the Dutch ColoRectal Audit. Additional data were retrospectively collected. Results: A total of 2,587 patients were included (2,013 ER, 345 DS, and 229 SEMS). A trend was observed in reversal of ER (decrease from 86.2% to 69.6%) and SEMS (increase from 1.3% to 7.8%) after 2014, with an ongoing increase in DS (from 5.2% in 2009 to 22.7% in 2016). DS after 2014 was associated with more laparoscopic resections (66.0% vs 35.5%; P

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1512-1520
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of the national comprehensive cancer network
Volume17
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - Dec-2019

    Keywords

  • LARGE-BOWEL OBSTRUCTION, SURGERY, RESECTION, COLOSTOMY, OUTCOMES

ID: 109921284