Changes in heart rate during third molar surgeryHollander, M. H. J., Schortinghuis, J. & Vissink, A., Dec-2016, In : International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. 45, 12, p. 1652-1657 6 p.
Research output: Contribution to journal › Article › Academic › peer-review
Anxiety is an undesirable psychological phenomenon. Patients are usually anxious when subjected to third molar surgery, but the pattern of anxiety is unknown. The aim of this study was to assess the intensity and course of anxiety during third molar surgery. This study included 48 consecutive patients (mean age 25 +/- 6 years) who had a third molar removed surgically under local anaesthesia. The heart rate was monitored continuously during treatment as a measure of anxiety. Preoperative anxiety was scored with the Modified Dental Anxiety Scale. Each patient's anxiety level was assessed when in the waiting room, sitting down in the dental chair, during the application of local anaesthesia, application of surgical drapes, time-out procedure, incision, alveolotomy, removal of the third molar, and suturing, and at the end of the procedure. The lowest heart rates were recorded in the waiting room, in the dental chair, during anaesthesia, when applying surgical drapes, during suturing, and at the end of the procedure. The highest values were obtained during the time-out procedure, incision, and alveolotomy (P <0.005). In conclusion, the intensity and course of anxiety has a specific pattern during third molar surgery, with the lowest levels of anxiety prior to surgery and directly postoperative and the highest during the time-out procedure and the actual surgery.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||International Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery|
|Publication status||Published - Dec-2016|
- anxiety, third molar, heart rate, maxillofacial surgery, DENTAL ANXIETY SCALE, BLOOD-PRESSURE, HEMODYNAMIC-CHANGES, LOCAL-ANESTHESIA, TOOTH EXTRACTION, PULSE-RATE, PAIN, EPINEPHRINE, RESPONSES, FEAR