Changes in frailty among ICU survivors and associated factors: Results of a one-year prospective cohort study using the Dutch Clinical Frailty Scale

Geense, W., Zegers, M., Dieperink, P., Vermeulen, H., van der Hoeven, J. & van den Boogaard, M., Feb-2020, In : Journal of Critical Care. 55, p. 184-193 10 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Purpose: Frailty is an important predictor for the prognosis of intensive care unit (ICU) patients. This study examined changes in frailty in the year after ICU admission, and its associated factors.

Materials and methods: Prospective cohort study including adult ICU patients admitted between July 2016-December 2017. Frailty was measured using the Clinical Frailty Scale (CFS), before ICU admission, at hospital discharge, and three and 12 months after ICU admission. Multivariable linear regression was used to explore factors associated with frailty changes.

Results: Frailty levels changed among 1300 ICU survivors, with higher levels at hospital discharge and lower levels in the following months. After one year were 42% of the unplanned, and 27% of the planned patients more frail. For both groups were older age, longer hospital length of stay, and discharge location associated with being more frail. Male sex, higher education level and mechanical ventilation were associated with being less frail in the planned patients.

Conclusion: One year after ICU admission, 42% and 27% of the unplanned and planned ICU patients, respectively, were more frail. Insight in the associated factors will help to identify patients at risk, and may help in informing patients and their family members. (C) 2019 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)184-193
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Critical Care
Publication statusPublished - Feb-2020


  • Clinical frailty scale, Critical care, Frailty, ICU survivors, Intensive care unit, Long-term outcomes, INTENSIVE-CARE-UNIT, LONG-TERM OUTCOMES, CRITICAL ILLNESS, MORTALITY, MULTICENTER, TRANSITIONS, IMPACT, INTERVENTIONS, DISABILITY, FITNESS

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