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Central-to-Helical-to-Axial-to-Central Transfer of Chirality with a Photoresponsive Catalyst

Pizzolato, S. F., Stacko, P., Kistemaker, J. C. M., van Leeuwen, T., Otten, E. & Feringa, B. L., 12-Dec-2018, In : Journal of the American Chemical Society. 140, p. 17278-17289

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Recent advances in molecular design have displayed striking examples of dynamic chirality transfer between various elements of chirality, e.g. from central to either helical or axial chirality and vice versa. While considerable progress in atroposelective synthesis has been made, it is intriguing to design chiral molecular switches able to provide selective and dynamic control of axial chirality with an external stimulus to modulate stereochemical functions. Here, we report the synthesis and characterization of a photoresponsive bis(2-phenol)-substituted molecular switch 1. The unique design exhibits a dynamic hybrid central-helical-axial transfer of chirality. The change of preferential axial chirality in the biaryl motif is coupled to the reversible switching of helicity of the overcrowded alkene core, dictated by the fixed stereogenic center. The potential for dynamic control of axial chirality was demonstrated by using (R)-1 as switchable catalyst to direct the stereochemical outcome of the catalytic enantioselective addition of diethylzinc to aromatic aldehydes, with successful reversal of enantioselectivity for several substrates.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)17278-17289
JournalJournal of the American Chemical Society
Volume140
Early online date20-Nov-2018
Publication statusPublished - 12-Dec-2018

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