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C/EBP beta-LIP induces cancer-type metabolic reprogramming by regulating the let-7/LIN28B circuit in mice

Ackermann, T., Hartleben, G., Mueller, C., Mastrobuoni, G., Groth, M., Sterken, B. A., Zaini, M. A., Youssefi, S. A., Zuidhof, H. R., Krauss, S. R., Kortman, G., de Haan, G., de Bruin, A., Wang, Z-Q., Platzer, M., Kempa, S. & Calkhoven, C. F., 14-Jun-2019, In : Communications biology. 2, 15 p., 208.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

The transcription factors LAP1, LAP2 and LIP are derived from the Cebpb-mRNA through the use of alternative start codons. High LIP expression has been associated with human cancer and increased cancer incidence in mice. However, how LIP contributes to cellular transformation is poorly understood. Here we present that LIP induces aerobic glycolysis and mitochondrial respiration reminiscent of cancer metabolism. We show that LIP-induced metabolic programming is dependent on the RNA-binding protein LIN28B, a translational regulator of glycolytic and mitochondrial enzymes with known oncogenic function. LIP activates LIN28B through repression of the let-7 microRNA family that targets the Lin28b-mRNA. Transgenic mice overexpressing LIP have reduced levels of let-7 and increased LIN28B expression, which is associated with metabolic reprogramming as shown in primary bone marrow cells, and with hyperplasia in the skin. This study establishes LIP as an inducer of cancer-type metabolic reprogramming and as a regulator of the let-7/LIN28B regulatory circuit.

Original languageEnglish
Article number208
Number of pages15
JournalCommunications biology
Volume2
Publication statusPublished - 14-Jun-2019

    Keywords

  • BINDING-PROTEIN-BETA, TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS, BREAST-CANCER, TRANSLATIONAL CONTROL, INHIBITORY PROTEIN, GENE-EXPRESSION, MICRORNA LET-7, MESSENGER-RNA, IN-VIVO, LIN28B

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