Publication

Catalyst studies on the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil

Wildschut, J., Melian-Cabrera, I. & Heeres, H. J., 31-Aug-2010, In : Applied catalysis b-Environmental. 99, 1-2, p. 298-306 9 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Wildschut, J., Melian-Cabrera, I., & Heeres, H. J. (2010). Catalyst studies on the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil. Applied catalysis b-Environmental, 99(1-2), 298-306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.06.036

Author

Wildschut, J. ; Melian-Cabrera, I. ; Heeres, H. J. / Catalyst studies on the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil. In: Applied catalysis b-Environmental. 2010 ; Vol. 99, No. 1-2. pp. 298-306.

Harvard

Wildschut, J, Melian-Cabrera, I & Heeres, HJ 2010, 'Catalyst studies on the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil', Applied catalysis b-Environmental, vol. 99, no. 1-2, pp. 298-306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.06.036

Standard

Catalyst studies on the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil. / Wildschut, J.; Melian-Cabrera, I.; Heeres, H. J.

In: Applied catalysis b-Environmental, Vol. 99, No. 1-2, 31.08.2010, p. 298-306.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Wildschut J, Melian-Cabrera I, Heeres HJ. Catalyst studies on the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil. Applied catalysis b-Environmental. 2010 Aug 31;99(1-2):298-306. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.06.036


BibTeX

@article{50e35406675d4523b34125a2ba7b523a,
title = "Catalyst studies on the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil",
abstract = "Catalytic hydrotreatment is considered an attractive technology for fast pyrolysis oil upgrading to liquid transportation fuels. We here report an experimental study to gain insights in catalyst stability when using Ru/C catalysts for the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil (350 degrees C and 200 bar) in a batch reactor set-up. A considerable reduction in the liquid yield (55-30 wt.%), increased solids formation (3-20 wt.%), a reduction in the H/C ratio (1.24-1.08) of the liquid product and a lowering of the extent of methane in the gas phase was observed after a number of catalyst recycles. Characterization of the catalyst before and after reaction using TEM, chemo- and physisorption showed significant coke deposition and a decrease in pore volume and metal dispersion. The application of in-house prepared Ru/C catalysts for both the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil as well as phenol using different Ru-precursors (RuCl(3), Ru(NO)(NO(3))(3) and Ru(acac)3) gave different results for the various catalysts with respect to product yield (45-56 wt.% for fast pyrolysis oil) and elemental composition of the liquid phase. A catalyst prepared from the precursor RuCl(3) at a ruthenium loading of 5 wt.% showed the highest activity for the hydrogenation reaction of fast pyrolysis oil (H/C of 1.32 vs. 1.24 for the commercial Ru/C catalyst) and the lowest reduction in BET area and metal dispersion after reaction. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "Fast pyrolysis oil, Upgrading, Catalytic hydrotreatment, Ruthenium on carbon, Catalyst deactivation, RUTHENIUM CATALYSTS, CO HYDROGENATION, BIOMASS, HYDRODEOXYGENATION, CRACKING, CARBONIZATION, CARBONYL, CHLORINE, SUPPORT",
author = "J. Wildschut and I. Melian-Cabrera and Heeres, {H. J.}",
year = "2010",
month = aug,
day = "31",
doi = "10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.06.036",
language = "English",
volume = "99",
pages = "298--306",
journal = "Applied catalysis b-Environmental",
issn = "0926-3373",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV",
number = "1-2",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Catalyst studies on the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil

AU - Wildschut, J.

AU - Melian-Cabrera, I.

AU - Heeres, H. J.

PY - 2010/8/31

Y1 - 2010/8/31

N2 - Catalytic hydrotreatment is considered an attractive technology for fast pyrolysis oil upgrading to liquid transportation fuels. We here report an experimental study to gain insights in catalyst stability when using Ru/C catalysts for the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil (350 degrees C and 200 bar) in a batch reactor set-up. A considerable reduction in the liquid yield (55-30 wt.%), increased solids formation (3-20 wt.%), a reduction in the H/C ratio (1.24-1.08) of the liquid product and a lowering of the extent of methane in the gas phase was observed after a number of catalyst recycles. Characterization of the catalyst before and after reaction using TEM, chemo- and physisorption showed significant coke deposition and a decrease in pore volume and metal dispersion. The application of in-house prepared Ru/C catalysts for both the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil as well as phenol using different Ru-precursors (RuCl(3), Ru(NO)(NO(3))(3) and Ru(acac)3) gave different results for the various catalysts with respect to product yield (45-56 wt.% for fast pyrolysis oil) and elemental composition of the liquid phase. A catalyst prepared from the precursor RuCl(3) at a ruthenium loading of 5 wt.% showed the highest activity for the hydrogenation reaction of fast pyrolysis oil (H/C of 1.32 vs. 1.24 for the commercial Ru/C catalyst) and the lowest reduction in BET area and metal dispersion after reaction. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

AB - Catalytic hydrotreatment is considered an attractive technology for fast pyrolysis oil upgrading to liquid transportation fuels. We here report an experimental study to gain insights in catalyst stability when using Ru/C catalysts for the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil (350 degrees C and 200 bar) in a batch reactor set-up. A considerable reduction in the liquid yield (55-30 wt.%), increased solids formation (3-20 wt.%), a reduction in the H/C ratio (1.24-1.08) of the liquid product and a lowering of the extent of methane in the gas phase was observed after a number of catalyst recycles. Characterization of the catalyst before and after reaction using TEM, chemo- and physisorption showed significant coke deposition and a decrease in pore volume and metal dispersion. The application of in-house prepared Ru/C catalysts for both the hydrotreatment of fast pyrolysis oil as well as phenol using different Ru-precursors (RuCl(3), Ru(NO)(NO(3))(3) and Ru(acac)3) gave different results for the various catalysts with respect to product yield (45-56 wt.% for fast pyrolysis oil) and elemental composition of the liquid phase. A catalyst prepared from the precursor RuCl(3) at a ruthenium loading of 5 wt.% showed the highest activity for the hydrogenation reaction of fast pyrolysis oil (H/C of 1.32 vs. 1.24 for the commercial Ru/C catalyst) and the lowest reduction in BET area and metal dispersion after reaction. (C) 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

KW - Fast pyrolysis oil

KW - Upgrading

KW - Catalytic hydrotreatment

KW - Ruthenium on carbon

KW - Catalyst deactivation

KW - RUTHENIUM CATALYSTS

KW - CO HYDROGENATION

KW - BIOMASS

KW - HYDRODEOXYGENATION

KW - CRACKING

KW - CARBONIZATION

KW - CARBONYL

KW - CHLORINE

KW - SUPPORT

U2 - 10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.06.036

DO - 10.1016/j.apcatb.2010.06.036

M3 - Article

VL - 99

SP - 298

EP - 306

JO - Applied catalysis b-Environmental

JF - Applied catalysis b-Environmental

SN - 0926-3373

IS - 1-2

ER -

ID: 5163502