Publication

Cardiovascular screening in general practice in a low SES area

Tiessen, A. H., Smit, A. J., Zevenhuizen, S., Spithoven, E. M. & Van der Meer, K., 10-Dec-2012, In : BMC Family Practice. 13, 8 p., 117.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Background: Lower social economic status (SES) is related to an elevated cardiovascular (CV) risk. A pro-active primary prevention CV screening approach in general practice (GP) might be effective in a region with a low mean SES. This approach, supported by a regional GP laboratory, was investigated on feasibility, attendance rate and proportion of persons identified with an elevated risk.

Methods: In a region with a low mean SES, men and women aged >= 50/55 years, respectively, were invited for cardiovascular risk profiling, based on SCORE 10-year risk of fatal cardiovascular disease and additional risk factors (family history, weight and end organ damage). Screening was performed by laboratory personnel, at the GP practice. Treatment advice was based on Dutch GP guidelines for cardiovascular risk management. Response rates were compared to those in five other practices, using the same screening method.

Results: 521 persons received invitations, 354 (68%) were interested, 33 did not attend and 43 were not further analysed because of already known diabetes/cardiovascular disease. Eventually 278 risk profiles were analysed, of which 60% had a low cardiovascular risk (SCORE-risk = 5%, 60% did not receive medication yet for hypertension/hypercholesterolemia. In the other five GPs response rates were comparable to the currently described GP.

Conclusion: Screening in GP in a low SES area, performed by a laboratory service, was feasible, resulted in high attendance, and identification and treatment advice of many new persons at risk for cardiovascular disease.

Original languageEnglish
Article number117
Number of pages8
JournalBMC Family Practice
Volume13
Publication statusPublished - 10-Dec-2012

    Keywords

  • General practice, Socio-economic status (SES), Cardiovascular risk management, Screening, EUROPEAN COUNTRIES, RISK-FACTORS, DISEASE, PREVENTION, IMPROVEMENT, PROGRAM, CARE, MORTALITY, SERVICE

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