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BubR1 allelic effects drive phenotypic heterogeneity in mosaic-variegated aneuploidy progeria syndrome

Sieben, C. J., Jeganathan, K. B., Nelson, G. G., Sturmlechner, I., Zhang, C., van Deursen, W. H., Bakker, B., Foijer, F., Li, H., Baker, D. J. & van Deursen, J. M., Jan-2020, In : The Journal of Clinical Investigation. 130, 1, p. 171-188 18 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Mosaic-variegated aneuploidy (MVA) syndrome is a rare childhood disorder characterized by biallelic BUBR1, CEP57, or TRIP13 aberrations; increased chromosome missegregation; and a broad spectrum of clinical features, including various cancers, congenital defects, and progeroid pathologies. To investigate the mechanisms underlying this disorder and its phenotypic heterogeneity, we mimicked the BUBR1(L1012P) mutation in mice (BubR1(L1002P)) and combined it with 2 other MVA variants, BUBR1(X753) and BUBR1(H), generating a truncated protein and low amounts of wild-type protein, respectively. Whereas BubR1(X753/L1002P) and BubR1(H/X753) mice died prematurely, BubR1(H/L1002P) mice were viable and exhibited many MVA features, including cancer predisposition and various progeroid phenotypes, such as short lifespan, dwarfism, lipodystrophy, sarcopenia, and low cardiac stress tolerance. Strikingly, although these mice had a reduction in total BUBR1 and spectrum of MVA phenotypes similar to that of BubR1(H/H) mice, several progeroid pathologies were attenuated in severity, which in skeletal muscle coincided with reduced senescence-associated secretory phenotype complexity. Additionally, mice carrying monoallelic BubR1 mutations were prone to select MVA-related pathologies later in life, with predisposition to sarcopenia correlating with mTORC1 hyperactivity. Together, these data demonstrate that BUBR1 allelic effects beyond protein level and aneuploidy contribute to disease heterogeneity in both MVA patients and heterozygous carriers of MVA mutations.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)171-188
Number of pages18
JournalThe Journal of Clinical Investigation
Volume130
Issue number1
Early online date18-Nov-2019
Publication statusPublished - Jan-2020

    Keywords

  • AGING-ASSOCIATED PHENOTYPES, SENESCENT CELLS, GENE ONTOLOGY, CHECKPOINT, MUTATIONS, CANCER, PROTEIN, ONSET, BUB1B, TOOL

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