Publication

Body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness in a clinical group of depressed patients: An observational study on the associations with depression severity and the influence of treatment

Scheffers, M., van Duijn, M. A. J., Beldman, M., Bosscher, R. J., van Busschbach, J. T. & Schoevers, R. A., 1-Jan-2019, In : Journal of Affective Disorders. 242, p. 22-28 7 p.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

APA

Scheffers, M., van Duijn, M. A. J., Beldman, M., Bosscher, R. J., van Busschbach, J. T., & Schoevers, R. A. (2019). Body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness in a clinical group of depressed patients: An observational study on the associations with depression severity and the influence of treatment. Journal of Affective Disorders, 242, 22-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.074

Author

Scheffers, M. ; van Duijn, M. A. J. ; Beldman, M. ; Bosscher, R. J. ; van Busschbach, J. T. ; Schoevers, R. A. / Body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness in a clinical group of depressed patients : An observational study on the associations with depression severity and the influence of treatment. In: Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019 ; Vol. 242. pp. 22-28.

Harvard

Scheffers, M, van Duijn, MAJ, Beldman, M, Bosscher, RJ, van Busschbach, JT & Schoevers, RA 2019, 'Body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness in a clinical group of depressed patients: An observational study on the associations with depression severity and the influence of treatment', Journal of Affective Disorders, vol. 242, pp. 22-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.074

Standard

Body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness in a clinical group of depressed patients : An observational study on the associations with depression severity and the influence of treatment. / Scheffers, M.; van Duijn, M. A. J.; Beldman, M.; Bosscher, R. J.; van Busschbach, J. T.; Schoevers, R. A.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 242, 01.01.2019, p. 22-28.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticleAcademicpeer-review

Vancouver

Scheffers M, van Duijn MAJ, Beldman M, Bosscher RJ, van Busschbach JT, Schoevers RA. Body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness in a clinical group of depressed patients: An observational study on the associations with depression severity and the influence of treatment. Journal of Affective Disorders. 2019 Jan 1;242:22-28. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.074


BibTeX

@article{09a3a3680a6d46498b40dc5ae3d6a5b7,
title = "Body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness in a clinical group of depressed patients: An observational study on the associations with depression severity and the influence of treatment",
abstract = "Background: Apart from changes in mood and cognition, depressive disorders are also characterized by changes in body experience, changes that largely influence daily functioning and aggravate distress. In order to gain more insight into this important issue, three domains of body experience - body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness - and their associations with symptom severity of depression were studied pre- and post-treatment in a clinical sample of depressed patients in a multidisciplinary setting.Methods: Body attitude (Dresden Body Image Questionnaire), body satisfaction (Body Cathexis Scale), body awareness (Somatic Awareness Questionnaire) and severity of depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) were measured. Differences between pre-treatment and post-treatment scores were studied with paired t-tests. Associations between body experience and depression were analysed with Pearson correlations and partial correlations.Results: At the start of treatment, patients scored significantly lower than a healthy comparison sample on body attitude and body satisfaction, but not on body awareness. After treatment, depression scores decreased with large effect sizes, scores for body attitude and body satisfaction increased with medium effect sizes and body awareness scores increased slightly. Medium pre-treatment and strong post-treatment associations were found between depression severity and body attitude and between depression severity and body satisfaction.Limitations: The design does not allow to draw causal conclusions. Because of the multidisciplinary treatment no information is available on the specific contribution of interventions targeting body experience.Conclusions: The study provides evidence for medium to strong associations in clinically depressed patients between body attitude, body satisfaction and depression.",
keywords = "Body attitude, Body satisfaction, Body awareness, Body experience, Depression severity, PSYCHOMETRIC EVALUATION, IMAGE SATISFACTION, MENTAL-DISORDERS, INVENTORY, MOOD, DISSATISFACTION, SYMPTOMATOLOGY, PSYCHOTHERAPY, EMBODIMENT, EXPERIENCE",
author = "M. Scheffers and {van Duijn}, {M. A. J.} and M. Beldman and Bosscher, {R. J.} and {van Busschbach}, {J. T.} and Schoevers, {R. A.}",
note = "Copyright {\circledC} 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.",
year = "2019",
month = "1",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.074",
language = "English",
volume = "242",
pages = "22--28",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "ELSEVIER SCIENCE BV",

}

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness in a clinical group of depressed patients

T2 - An observational study on the associations with depression severity and the influence of treatment

AU - Scheffers, M.

AU - van Duijn, M. A. J.

AU - Beldman, M.

AU - Bosscher, R. J.

AU - van Busschbach, J. T.

AU - Schoevers, R. A.

N1 - Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

PY - 2019/1/1

Y1 - 2019/1/1

N2 - Background: Apart from changes in mood and cognition, depressive disorders are also characterized by changes in body experience, changes that largely influence daily functioning and aggravate distress. In order to gain more insight into this important issue, three domains of body experience - body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness - and their associations with symptom severity of depression were studied pre- and post-treatment in a clinical sample of depressed patients in a multidisciplinary setting.Methods: Body attitude (Dresden Body Image Questionnaire), body satisfaction (Body Cathexis Scale), body awareness (Somatic Awareness Questionnaire) and severity of depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) were measured. Differences between pre-treatment and post-treatment scores were studied with paired t-tests. Associations between body experience and depression were analysed with Pearson correlations and partial correlations.Results: At the start of treatment, patients scored significantly lower than a healthy comparison sample on body attitude and body satisfaction, but not on body awareness. After treatment, depression scores decreased with large effect sizes, scores for body attitude and body satisfaction increased with medium effect sizes and body awareness scores increased slightly. Medium pre-treatment and strong post-treatment associations were found between depression severity and body attitude and between depression severity and body satisfaction.Limitations: The design does not allow to draw causal conclusions. Because of the multidisciplinary treatment no information is available on the specific contribution of interventions targeting body experience.Conclusions: The study provides evidence for medium to strong associations in clinically depressed patients between body attitude, body satisfaction and depression.

AB - Background: Apart from changes in mood and cognition, depressive disorders are also characterized by changes in body experience, changes that largely influence daily functioning and aggravate distress. In order to gain more insight into this important issue, three domains of body experience - body attitude, body satisfaction and body awareness - and their associations with symptom severity of depression were studied pre- and post-treatment in a clinical sample of depressed patients in a multidisciplinary setting.Methods: Body attitude (Dresden Body Image Questionnaire), body satisfaction (Body Cathexis Scale), body awareness (Somatic Awareness Questionnaire) and severity of depressive symptoms (Inventory of Depressive Symptomatology) were measured. Differences between pre-treatment and post-treatment scores were studied with paired t-tests. Associations between body experience and depression were analysed with Pearson correlations and partial correlations.Results: At the start of treatment, patients scored significantly lower than a healthy comparison sample on body attitude and body satisfaction, but not on body awareness. After treatment, depression scores decreased with large effect sizes, scores for body attitude and body satisfaction increased with medium effect sizes and body awareness scores increased slightly. Medium pre-treatment and strong post-treatment associations were found between depression severity and body attitude and between depression severity and body satisfaction.Limitations: The design does not allow to draw causal conclusions. Because of the multidisciplinary treatment no information is available on the specific contribution of interventions targeting body experience.Conclusions: The study provides evidence for medium to strong associations in clinically depressed patients between body attitude, body satisfaction and depression.

KW - Body attitude

KW - Body satisfaction

KW - Body awareness

KW - Body experience

KW - Depression severity

KW - PSYCHOMETRIC EVALUATION

KW - IMAGE SATISFACTION

KW - MENTAL-DISORDERS

KW - INVENTORY

KW - MOOD

KW - DISSATISFACTION

KW - SYMPTOMATOLOGY

KW - PSYCHOTHERAPY

KW - EMBODIMENT

KW - EXPERIENCE

U2 - 10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.074

DO - 10.1016/j.jad.2018.08.074

M3 - Article

VL - 242

SP - 22

EP - 28

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

ER -

ID: 64566512